from MI represents interest of slaveholding cities & states, wants to bargain with Douglas. Douglas wants to deal with antislavery-territories to be opened upSouth gets a repeal of Missouri Compromise LineConsequences to Kansas-Nebraska Act:Whig party dies2ndpolitical party system collapses (Jacksonian democrats & Whigs)o3rdpolitical party system arises—Democrats & RepublicansoDemocrats become Southern rights party—say that slavery is a national institution (not state or local)2 new parties appear on political scene: oAmerican Party (Know Nothing): anti-immigrant party against Irish/German Concern that Catholic immigrants will never give their allegiance away from pope of Rome to AmericaoRepublican Party: of today, anti-slavery partyOpposition to the expansion of slavery2 anti-slavery positions from Republican Party: oAbolitionism (militant end)—William L. GarrisonoWhite Republican Antislavery (gradualist end)—colonization, white supremacist, 2 themes:Slave Power & Free Labor—what slavery will do to the white people up northMuch more appeal to NorthernersMini Civil War in Kansas Territory—Bleeding Kansas“Bleeding Kansas” (1856)Mini Civil War caused by Kansas-Nebraska ActJohn Brown (poor dirt farmer w/ 20 kids) comes to Kansas with his adult sons—abolitionist convinced that God put him on the earth to bring down slavery—attack a small farming community with swordsViolence spills over to Washington D.C. (nation’s capital)Charles Sumner, 1 out of 2 abolitionists in the senate, gives a 2-day speech about the crime against Kansas singling out senator Butler for having a slave mistress, making fun ofhim for lack of speech from strokeoPreston Brooks—related to Butler, is offended & beats the shit out of Sumner oSpecial election to replace Brooks—Brooks wins back his spot in House of Reps
Kansas Nebraska creates a huge political controversy with major consequences (death of Whigs, Democrats become southern rights party, 2 new parties emerge, republican replace Whigs, mini Civil War)L5 4/19: Dred Scott Case & the Supreme CourtWill slavery expand into the Western territories?Dred Scott CaseMigration & SlaveryoDred Scott, slave from Missouri, “illiterate, but not ignorant with a strong common sense”oBought by John Emerson around 1830 & they moved from around from Missouri to a free state of Illinois Emerson complained of his position as a Doctor & is sent to Minnesota (free territory)Emerson buys Dred Scott’s wife (Harriet), leaves Scott & his wife in Minnesota for a timeoEmerson marries & calls for Scott & his wife back into slave territory of St. Louis where Emerson dies & leaves his slaves to his wifeoScotts asked to be free & are refused, they would then file separate cases against Mrs. EmersonoThe residence of free territories entitled them to freedomMissouri CaseDred Scott vs. Sandford(1856)oThe Scotts win their cases but Emerson goes to the state court, where there cases would go to the supreme courtoWould take 11 years until a decision was madeo3 Questions:Can Dred Scott sue the federal government as a slave?
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 11 pages?