101 the historicity of esther the book of esther is

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10.1 The Historicity of Esther The book of Esther is doubted, by some scholars, to be true because of the following: a) Some details seem not likely to have happened for, such as the six months of feasting (1:4), beauty preparation for a year (2:12), the height of Haman’s gallows (5:14), and the great number of men killed by the Jews (9:16). b) Some details contradict with what Herodotus wrote, however many details Some details of Esther contradict what Herodotus wrote. For example, Herodotus said Amestris was Xerxes’ queen (History 7.114; 9.112), and it appears difficult to equate Esther with Amestris. Also the division of the Persian Empire into 127 provinces (1:1; 8:9) seems to contradict the twenty satrapies that Herodotus mentioned c) Some inconsistencies is visible / pointed out within the book of Esther, as Mordecai’s being one of the captives in the time of Jehoiachin, which would have meant Mordecai was 120 years old, Breneman (1993:280- 285) There are three basic points of which we as evangelist can conclude that the - 9 -
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ReadGHL_Historical Books book is a trustworthy witness to history: i) Research has demonstrated credibility of the author as a witness to Persian affairs and culture. ii) Like Jesus and the apostles we as evangelists must have the viewpoint that Old Testament history as a whole is an unquestionably reliable guide to the events of the past. iii) Instead of doubting the details of the Book of Esther we should proceed on the assumption that Esther is a trustworthy witness to history, until they are confirmed by external sources, Breneman (1993:285). 10.2 The Canonicity of Esther One of the purposes of the book of Esther is to demonstrate the providential care of God, even to those outside the land. The most pervasive teaching in the entire book is about the provision of God – His sovereignty over nature, nations and individuals. The author of Esther wanted to let the readers see the mystery of God’s hand in history. Also he shows how the decisions and actions of people are the instrumentations of divine purpose. Further the book of Esther reveals the biblical perspective of how God’s people’s decisions affect history – belief in a God who is the force behind history. This shows us that human agents are the tools God uses to bring justice. God is in control and history moves towards a goal that God has marked. Obedience to God’s Will is another way we find God involved in the book of Esther. We find examples of how to live the obedient life in the characters Esther and Mordecai. Just like Joseph and Daniel in foreign courts, so Esther and Mordecai were obedient to God’s direction and plan. Esther was a model disciple of God we should imitate. - 10 -
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ReadGHL_Historical Books She constantly did the right thing, made the right decision, and said the right words. Esther embodied faith.
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  • Fall '19
  • Tanakh, Book of Esther, Ketuvim, Book of Ezra, Books of Chronicles, Book of Nehemiah

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