property and share equally with males in inheritance. Women were also recognized in common law marriages and even had some rights to gain a divorce from their husbands. Jules Ferry – The French Prime Mister (1880-1881, 1883-1885) remembered for championing the laws that remove Catholic influence from most education in France and for promoting a vast extension of the French colonial empire. He believed that France needed to expand because the naval forces required a place to store supplies and harbors. Also, Jules Ferry said openly that the
higher races have a right over the lower races and the superior races have a duty to civilize the inferior races. Gia Long - the first ruler of the Nguyen dynasty. Gia Long had renamed the empire Viet Nam, replacing the previous name Dai Viet. He was a Confucian in terms of his upbringing and had long been influenced by Chinese philosophy. With Chinese as the official language of Vietnam, Gia Long provided stability for a country that had been wracked by war for the previous 31 years. In 1815, he introduced the Gia Long Code, a penal code that replaced the Hong Duc Code and followed the Chinese legal approach, with less emphasis on local customs. Its central pillars were the maintenance of the power of the emperor and the Imperial Court and the provision of law and order for all the subject people. Gia Long raised labor for projects (Imperial city) without pay and enforced peasant tax. Gia Long died in 1820 and was succeeded by his second son, Emperor Minh Mang. Lac Long Quan & Au Co - Lac Long Quan the dragon lord married Au Co, an immortal daughter of the Chinese emperor. She laid 100 eggs, from which were born 100 sons. From them descend the Vietnamese people who were known, in old poetry, as the “grandchildren of Lac.” The couple did not remain together, however, as he was a dragon and she was a fairy. They decided to divide their sons. Au Co took 50 of them into the mountains, and Lac continued ruling the lowlands with the other 50.