1.What are the most common etiologies of hepatitis C virus (HCV)? child born to hepatitis C positive motherblood transfusionreceiving contaminated blood productsunsafe injectioninadequate sterilization of medical equipmentsexual transmissiongetting pierced with contaminated instruments2.What are the risks or complications of HCV? Hematologic disordersAutoimmune disordersDermatologic disordersDiabetes mellitusEye diseaseKidney diseaseMusculoskeletal disorders3.Identify the physical symptoms that are consistent with Mr. Collins’s diagnosis. Bleeding easily.-Bruising easily.-Fatigue.-Poor appetite.-Dark colored urine.-Itchy skin.-Weight loss.-Swelling in legs4.What advice would you give Mr. Collins about drinking alcohol? Alcohol is metabolized by the liver and alcohol is hepatotoxic. The liver is severely damaged in hepatitis C, so ifMr. Collins takes alcohol it will lead to further damage to his liver cells as well as functions. Because hepatitis cannot be cure, he should not take alcohol in his rest of his life.5.What general dietary recommendations should be given to Mr. Collins? Mr. Collin should take diet such as whole grains, protein rich foods, Low fat diet, Fruits, vegetables. A well balanced diet. Small and frequent diet especially if he have nausea and vomiting. Drink plenty of water.
6.Suppose Mr. Collins develops steatorrhea. Recommend daily energy (based on his EER; light activity), protein, and total fat intakes for him. Limit the intake of drinks high in sugar and salt because it will lead to accumulation of fluids in the body. Decrease the intake of fried or processed food. Avoid alcohol completely because it damages the liver further.
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