• “Earth is modified by Human Action” Novel. Included the Roman Empire and it’s Fall due to their own destruction of their environment. This was meant to send the message that were they to continue what they were doing, there would be environmental degradation that eventually would lead to destruction.
The Origins of Utilitarian Conservation – Lecture 10 18:05 • The human race is the new glacier. Deprived the wasteful use. Such ideas are in the school of ecology. Homestead Act gave land away Timber and Stone Act (1878) sold mineral land and mining land to get people from the government and send them to do some mining.
Gifford Pinchot and the National Forest Idea – Lecture 11 18:05 GIFFORD PINCHOT AND THE NATIONAL FOREST IDEA Marsh and Man & Nature Silviculture Detrich Brandis “Colossus of development” 1890 U.S. Census Report Forest Reserve Act Benjamin Harrison Grover Cleveland National Forestry Commission Midnight Proclamations Biltmore Estate Forest Management Act National Forest idea Dept. of the Interior General Land Office (GLO) Division of Forestry Dept. of Agriculture Progressivism Progressive Era Laissez-faire
Gifford Pinchot and the National Forest Idea – Lecture 11 18:05 Abuses Inefficiencies Gospel of Efficiency Bureau of Forestry Midterm: Monday, Oct. 29 Please bring one large, blank blue book to class on Friday, Oct 26 th . Completely blank and no names. Review Friday in Class Marsh had an impact on students in the 1960s, having written “Silent Spring” Gifford Pinchot was a great example, 1865 born in Connecticut, his family was into international trading who traded with France. By that time, he had become a millionaire, attended Yale University as a conservative, read Marsh’s book, and thus began his efforts on the environment. • After graduating from Yale 1888, Pinchot headed to become a forester, studying it in France of Europe, which was there called silviculture ( silvi = trees). French forestry school was headed by Detrich Brandis. • Detrich Brandis worked with the government and head of French Forestry School in Nancy, France 1890 US. Census Report claimed there was no more frontier, shocking Americans. To cause such a report, Idaho became a state and there consisted the last unexplored piece of the United States. Because it was unexplored, there was still a frontier, with less than two people per square mile. However, in 1890 the place had been explored and thereby with two people per square mile. • America had then realized it was all over; however, Pinchot cried for a “colossus of development”. To battle out such a situation, Congress passed a Forest Reserve Act in 1891. The act gave the president authority to set aside passes from time to time without any other persons’ consent and with unprecedented power.
Gifford Pinchot and the National Forest Idea – Lecture 11 18:05 President Benjamin Harris at that time set aside 13 million acres, most of which were on the West. The next president Grover Cleveland wanted to put at least 20 million acres or more in the forest reserve during his administration.
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 41 pages?