Understanding the perspective of the culture does not

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Understanding the perspective of the culture does not mean that you should accept nor rejectthe morality of their actions. To put it simply, the morality of cultural practices being studied isa separate issue altogether. Suppose that an anthropologist is studying a cultural practice thatinvolves animal massacre. Cultural relativism would help him understand the process,purpose, function and motivation behind the practice. However, the question of whether thecultural tradition is right or wrong is a totally detached issue and is not encompassed bycultural relativism.An emic perspective is commonly referred to as the “insider’s perspective” of studyingculture. It contrasts with etic perspective, a term used when a researcher uses anoutsider’s or an observer’s perspective in understanding things.Where do you draw the line between tolerating and respecting cultural traditions ofother groups and distinguishing cultural actions that may constitute violations ofhuman rights?
7Copyright©2018 Quipper LimitedEthnocentrism and cultural relativism provide two distinct perspectives in the study ofcultures. Ethnocentric beliefs may provide a sense of belongingness with the members ofyour own culture, due to similar beliefs and worldviews. However, it is essential to employcultural relativism if one wishes to fully understand cultures outside of one’s own. In culturalrelativism, neither one is civilized nor primitive, only different, but equal. Whereethnocentrism ends, cultural relativism begins.Fig. 3. Muslim woman wearinghijabKurnia, Edy.Woman Wearing Blue Hijab. Accessed January 17, 2018. -wearing-blue-hijab-638484/Part of the Islamic culture is thehijabwhich covers women’s bodies, from head totoe, except their hands and faces. Outsiders often judge this practice as veryconservative and restrictive of women. However, when it is considered as part ofits cultural context, which is the Islamic culture, one will understand that thehijabfulfills a significant purpose to their religion. Islam regards women highly, and this
8Copyright©2018 Quipper LimitedCheck Your UnderstandingA.Fill in the blanks with the correct answer.1.Everything that includes laws, beliefs, practices, customs and traditions of a group orsociety is referred to as ____________________________________.2.The orientation or perspective that views one’s culture as the center of everything,using it as a standard for judging other cultures is called__________________________________.3.The concept or methodological position which allows social scientists to study a specificculture without any bias is termed as __________________________________.4.The concept which argues that each culture is a product of its own history is called_________________________________.Franz Boas, a German-born American anthropologist, is considered as the father ofAmerican and modern anthropology. During the early years of his education, hefocused on the natural sciences particularly mathematics, physics, and geography. Hedecided to shift his focus to anthropology when he developed an interest in people,their language, and culture, during an Arctic expedition. He used the methods of thenatural sciences as inspiration for new methodologies in social science research,giving emphasis on initial research, followed by generalizations.

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Term
Spring
Professor
LPAZ
Tags
Sociology, Quipper Limited

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