Lymphedema can be either primary or secondary this

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Lymphedema can be either primary or secondary. This means it can occur on its own (primary lymphedema), or it can be caused by another disease or condition (secondary lymphedema). Causes for primary lymphedema include: Milroy’s disease, Meige’s disease, and late-onset lymphedema. Causes for secondary lymphedema include: surgery, radiation treatment, cancer, and infection. SIGNS & SYMPTOMS Symptoms include but aren’t limited to: swelling of part or all of an arm or leg, a feeling of heaviness or tightness, restricted range of motion, aching, discomfort, recurring infections, and hardening or thickness of the skin (fibrosis). DIAGNOSIS A doctor can diagnosis lymphedema based on symptoms, but if the causes isn’t as obvious, test will be ordered. Some tests include: CT scan, MRI scan, Doppler ultrasound, and lymphoscintigraphy. PREVENTION To reduce the risk of contracting lymphedema, try to: protect your arms and legs, rest and elevate arms and legs while recovering, avoid heat on arms and legs, avoid tight clothing, and keep your arms and legs clean. PROGNOSIS Lymphedema is a progressive, chronic condition. There is no cure, but patients that are consistent with compression reduce progression of the disease. Successful care is a long-term process. 4
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TREATMENT There is no cure for lymphedema. Treatment methods focus on reducing the swelling and controlling the pain. These methods include: exercises, wrapping arm or leg, massage, pneumatic compression, compression garments, and complete decongestive therapy (CDT). EFFECTS ON LYMPHATIC SYSTEM Lymphedema is most commonly a product of an infection, injury, trauma, or cancer. Treatments to these things can have the side effect of lymphedema. Such things that can damage the lymphatic system include: cancer treatment and removal of the lymph nodes. RESOURCES 5
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CROHN’S DISEASE CAUSES/RISKS The exact cause of Crohn’s disease is unknown. The most common factors that play a role in the development of the disease, such as a weakened lymphatic system and heredity. Risk factors include: age, ethnicity, family history, cigarette smoking, anti-inflammatory medications, and where you live. SIGN & SYMPTOMS When the disease is active, symptoms include: diarrhea, fever, fatigue, abdominal pain and cramping, blood in stool, mouth sores, reduced appetite with weight loss, pain or drainage near or around the anus, inflammation of eyes and joints, inflammation of liver or bile ducts, and delayed growth of sexual development in children. See your doctor when you experience the less severe symptoms, such as abdominal pain or blood in your stool. DIAGNOSIS There is not one test to determine whether or not a patient has Crohn’s disease, but doctors will use multiple different tests to rule out other possibilities. Doctors can use blood tests and some procedures, such as a colonoscopy or a capsule endoscopy.
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  • Fall '17
  • ANDREA SMOLEY
  • urinary tract infection

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