10 install good lighting to prevent theft parts

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10) Install good lighting to prevent theft, parts damage and errors in stocking. 11) Plan storage for easy shelf-life rotation to permit first-in-first-out control. 12) Segregate rebuilt re-manufactured, used, and new merchandise. 13) Include safety as a part of the facility plan. 14) Maintain a periodic house-keeping and re-arrangement plant. Two aspects of stores layout are significant, viz., (1) Storage system and (2) Type of stores layout. 19.4 STORAGE SYSTEM: Choosing the most suitable storage system means dealing with a number of interacting, and often conflicting factors. Inevitably, the degree of mechanization
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235 affect layout while the scarcity of space affects the height to which, racking is erected. The need for rapid, intensive order packing means a need for rapid, and easy access to stock. But accessibility weights against space economy. A satisfactory storage system is, therefore, a compromise between the use of space and the use of time. The way, in which stock is located, helps make the compromise a satisfactory one. There are three basic ways of locating stock: fixed location, random location, and zoned location. Fixed Location means that, goods of a particular type have a position in the store assigned to them exclusively. It means that while stock can be found immediately without a complex system for recording its position; there can be considerable waste of space, because when stocks of any one item are low the space left vacant cannot be filled. The assignment of fixed position to a particular type of goods is made on any one of the following basis: 1. On the basis of supplier. 2. On the basis of similarity of the items. 3. On the basis of the joint issue of the items. 4. On the basis of the size and frequency of use. Random location means that items can be stored in any storage position which is available. Space is thus better utilized but, particularly where there are a large number of product lines, a record has to be kept of where goods are and frequency of when they entered the storage area. Zoned Location means that goods of a particular product group are kept in a given area. They may be randomly stored in a zoned location or stored according to fixed locations. 19.5 TYPES OF STORES LAYOUT Whatever the location followed, stock may be kept on one side of the aisle in which case it is called comb type layout l(see Exhibit 22.1) or goods may be placed on either side of the aisle in which case the method is called tree type layout (see exhibit 22.2). Selecting a particular type depends on the availability of space and the layout of the building. Comb Type Layout + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + Aisle Stock + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + +
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236 Tree Type Layout + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + Aisle Stock + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + 19.6 STORES MANUAL Manual is a written statement of policies and procedures. A manual has several advantages such as spelling out responsibilities and authority of store- keeping, standardizing store-keeping activities and stimulating new ideas and suggestions for improving and streamlining storage operations.
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