As adults tend to protect themselves by becoming the less committed partner in

As adults tend to protect themselves by becoming the

  • No School
  • AA 1
  • 21

This preview shows page 12 - 14 out of 21 pages.

As adults: tend to protect themselves by becoming the less-committed partner in their relationships o Good Part: If an insecurely attached person can get into a relationship with a securely attached partner, these vulnerabilities in maintain stable partnership can be overcome Motivation to Love: o Our motivation to love often start with biology o But they are shaped and directed by: Early experiences with parents Our culture and historical era Gender Roles Even economic dependency or self-sufficiency o BIOLOGY OF LOVE All human beings have an innate need for attachment and love (it’s ‘wired’ in) Psychologists distinguish between: Passionate (romantic) Love o A whirlwind of intense emotions and sexual passion Companionate Love o Characterized by affection and trust o Love as Motivational Systems Helen Fisher, research psychologist that focuses on 3 different motivational systems we lump together as ‘love’ Three separate, often independent, motivational systems that increase our reproductive success: Lust (sexual motivation) Romantic Attraction (motivation to find the best mate and settle down with them) Commitment (motivation to stay together long enough to raise offspring) Chemicals involved… Love, Hormones, and NTs o Pituitary Gland Posterior parts receive connections from hypothalamus There are 2 nuclei in the hypothalamus (nucleus is a cluster of cell bodies) Hypothalamus produces ADH and oxytocin o Various brain chemicals and hormones are associated with bonding and trust: Vasopressin (ADH) Oxytocin Both of these hormones exist in both genders, but ADH is more important in males and oxytocin in female bonding
Image of page 12

Subscribe to view the full document.

o The rushes of pleasure and reward associated with sexual behaviour and romantic passion are created by: Endorphins Dopamine Reward System Involved (activated by drugs and physical contact) o Researchers believe that the neurological origins of passionate love being in the baby’s attachments to its mother The Biology of Desire o Human sexuality is not simply a matter of “doing what comes naturally” o What is “natural” for one person or culture may not be so natural for others o Margaret Mead o Sexuality is influenced by a variety of factors Biological Psychological and Cultural o Hormones: Testosterone promotes sexual desire in both men and women (but estrogens are also important in women) However, hormones do not cause sexual behaviour in a simple, direct way Ex: more testosterone does not mean there is a high sex drive Whether men and women are different in some biologically based sex drives continues on to be debated Biological factors versus gender roles o Gender Differences in Sexuality: A common view of sexuality is that male sexuality is more biologically influenced than is women’s whereas female sexuality is more governed by circumstances, relationships, and cultural norms Is this true?
Image of page 13
Image of page 14

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Ask Expert Tutors You can ask 0 bonus questions You can ask 0 questions (0 expire soon) You can ask 0 questions (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes