African American history paper 2 unrevised

The debate over missouris admission would prove to be

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The debate over Missouri's admission would prove to be long and difficult, and only further deepened the divide forming between the North and South. There were those that defended slavery as God's own will, “If we are to believe that this world was formed by a great and omnipotent Being;that nothing is permitted to exist here but by his will...we should form an opinion very different indeed from that asserted, that slavery was against the law of God” 3 , and there were those that condemned it on the basis of a higher law, “I have yet to learn that one man can make a slave of another. If one man cannot do so, no number of individuals can have any better right to do it.” 4 All those involved are convinced that if they do no emerge victorious then their vision of America will wither and die. The debate was finally ended in 1820 with the passage of the Missouri compromise. In accordance with the compromise Missouri was admitted to the union as a slave state and Maine was added as a free state. The balance of power was once again preserved. However, the compromise had one more component to it, slavery was outlawed in the newly purchased Louisiana Territory north of the 36° 30´ latitude line. The country had officially and definitively 2 Gary John. Kornblith Slavery and sectional strife in the early American republic, 1776-1821 . (Lanham, Md: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2010.), 55 3 Ibid. 60 4 Ibid. 60-61
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divided. Upon hearing of the the compromise Thomas Jefferson wrote to a friend saying that the decision had, "like a fire bell in the night, awakened and filled me with terror. I considered it at once as the knell of the Union." 5 Jefferson could see the writing on the wall, the country had locked itself onto its path. Unswerving the nation continued its march toward destruction. Tensions between pro-slavery and anti-slavery forces continued to rise. In 1831 Nat Turner would lead the bloodiest slave revolt in the history of the United States, killing 60 whites and resulting in the death of over 100 blacks. In 1848 we received even more territory from our war with Mexico. In 1847 the concept of popular sovereignty is proposed, which would allow the people of a territory to vote on the issue of slavery before being admitted as a state. By 1850 the country was in need of another compromise. This quote from the platform of the democratic party outlines just how high the stakes have risen, “in the event of the passage of...any law abolishing slavery or the slave trade from the District of Columbia, we are ready heart and soul with a united front to join Virginian and the other southern states in such measures as might be proper.”
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