3 the right kidney is located in the lumbar region

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3. The right kidney is located in the lumbar region between the T-12 and L-3 vertebra. It lies lower than theleft kidney because of the liver's location just above it.4. The renal sinus is the space within the kidney near the cleft called the renal hilus. It is the entry point of theureters, blood vessels, and nerves.5. 1 = renal cortex 2 = renal medulla 3 = adipose capsule 4 = renal fascia5 = renal capsule 6 = ureter 7 = renal pelvis 8 = renal vein/artery9 = renal hilus 10 = calyx6. (1) The renal capsule is a tough fibrous outer skin which protects it from injury and infection.(2) The adipose capsule is a fatty layer that protects the kidney from trauma.(3) The outer renal fascia is dense fibrous connective tissue which keeps the kidney in place inside theabdominal cavity.7. The renal cortex contains the glomerular capsule and the distal and convoluted tubules and blood vessels.The renal medulla contains the Loop of Henle, the collecting ducts and blood vessels. The renal pelvisconnects to the ureter and has extensions called calyces which collect urine.8. The renal pelvis is the centermost section of the kidneyand is a funnel-shaped tube that connects to theureter. Extensions of the pelvis called calyces collect urine which drains into the renal pelvis and then into theureter.
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Chapter 14 / Exercise 1
Human Physiology: From Cells to Systems
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4/18/2019NursingABC - Module21/259. About 1200 ml of blood per minute of blood flows into the kidney so that all of the blood can be filetred.10. (1) Renal artery, (2) Segmental artery, (3) Lobar artery, (4) Interlobar artery, (5) Arcuate artery, (6)Interlobular artery, (7) Afferent arteriole, (8) Glomerular capillaries, (9) Efferent arteriole, (10) Peritubular orVasa recta capillaries, (11) Interlobular vein, (12) Arcuate vein, (13) Interlobar vein, (14) Renal veinProblem Set 211. The kidney filters the blood, reabsorbs needed materials and excretes the rest as urine.12. The main functions of the kidney are to control the concentration of water and soluble materials, eliminatewastes from the body, regulate blood volume, pH and pressure and control levels of electrolytes13. A nephron is made up of the renal corpuscle and the renal tubule. The renal corpuscle filters the bloodand the renal tubule reabsorbs needed materials.14. The collecting ducts carry urine away from the nephron to be excreted.15. The renal corpuscle is composed of the glomerulus, a network of tiny blood capillaries surrounded by theBowman's capsule, a double-walled simple squamous epithelial cup.16. The glomerular capillaries are the only capillaries in the body which lie between two arterioles rather thanbetween an artery and a vein.17. The afferent arteriole which runs into the glomerular capillaries is much larger in diameter than theefferent arteriole which drains the glomerular capillaries causing an extremely high blood pressure in theglomerular capillaries. This high pressure forces water and solutes out of the blood and into the glomerularcapsule causing the glomerulus to act as a filter.

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Term
Fall
Professor
Rebekah Stepp
Tags
peritubular capillaries, renal pelvis, loop of Henle
We have textbook solutions for you!
The document you are viewing contains questions related to this textbook.
Human Physiology: From Cells to Systems
The document you are viewing contains questions related to this textbook.
Chapter 14 / Exercise 1
Human Physiology: From Cells to Systems
Sherwood
Expert Verified

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