Invests in people with a focus on improving

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Fund.Invests in people, with a focus on improving employment and education opportunities. It also aims to help disadvantaged people at risk of poverty or social exclusion. The Cohesion Fund invests in green growth and sustainable development, and improves connectivity in Member States with a GDP below 90% of the EU-27 average. Together with the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD) and the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund (EMFF), they make up the European Structural and Investment (ESI) Funds Cohesion policy set 11 thematic objectives supporting growth for the period 2014-2020: Strengthening research, technological development and innovation
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Enhancing access to, and use and quality of, information and communication technologies Enhancing the competitiveness of SMEs Supporting the shift toward a low-carbon economy Promoting climate change adaptation, risk prevention and management Preserving and protesting the environment and promoting resource efficiency Promoting sustainable transport and improving network infrastructures Promoting sustainable and quality employment and supporting the labour mobility Promoting social inclusion, combating poverty and any discrimination Investing in education, training ale lifelong learning Improving the efficiency of public administration 6. Cohesion versus competitiveness dilemma. ( ogólnie to chodzi jak wplywa polityka spojnosci na konkurencyjnosc ale to ponoc jest dobre, bo dzieki rozwojowi tych gorzej rozwinietych panstw na rynku europejskim zwieksza sie konkurecyjnosc) The   EU's   cohesion   programmes aim   to reduce   disparities between countries in   terms   of   living standards and opportunities. They also promote economic, social and territorial cohesion against the backdrop of a globalising economy. Since they are fairly long-term investments, cohesion funds are agreed for seven-year periods. For the   period   2007-2013,   European   sectoral   and   regional   cohesion   policy   programmes   support investments of around  347 billion, which makes them the second largest item in the Community budget after  agriculture. Most of this funding is concentrated on regions with less than 75% of the EU-wide average GDP (so-called Convergence Regions). 35% of the EU's population lives in those regions. Cohesion policy is solidarity policy. Thanks to Cohesion Policy Europe as a whole will be more competitive 7. Origins of the Common Agricultural Policy (why it was introduced?) The CAP was initiated after World War II as part of the Treaty of Rome that was signed in 1958. Following post-war shortages, Europe began to explore ways to become self-sufficient in food and agricultural production at the regional level. The Treaty of Rome set the stage for the CAP by establishing guaranteed markets as well as a fair price for agricultural producers. The CAP went
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