victim to one of them, so he swallowed them as they were born a.ii. His 6 children (from his wife and sister, Rhea) were gods who would one day divide the power of the world among themselves a.iii. However, Zeus was saved because Rhea his him in a cave. When he asked for his child, Rhea gave him a stone and he swallowed it, stupidly a.iv. Zeus forced Cronus to vomit up the children a.v. Now Zeus became king of the gods, and he and his brothers and sisters took up their abode on Mount Olympus (except Hades) a.vi. They banded together and attacked the Olympians in the Titanomacky, “battle of the Titans”
a.vii. Zeus learned that he could only win if he had the Hecatonchires and the Cyclopes, who had to regain their strength and who made for Zeus the thunderbolt a.viii. They defeated the Titans! a.viii.1. Zeus cast the Titans into Tartarus a.ix. If an anvil is dropped from heaven to earth it will take 10 days to fall and another 10 days to fall from earth to the bottom of the underworld 8. Zeus’s Battle with Typhoeus a. Gaea, mother of the Titans, advised Zeus to summon the Hecatonchires in his struggle against her own children and for some reason now resented Zeus’s victory. She became his greatest enemy and coupled with Tartarus to give birth to Typhoeus a.i. They went at it – Typhoeus was incredibly strong and shook the entire earth and made whimpers, he has several snakes as feet a.ii. Typhoeus caught the sickle Zeus threw at him and sliced Zeus’s hands and feet, stored them in a jar, and carried Zeus to a cave in Cilica, where he was guarded by a dragon a.iii. Zeus was rescued by his son Hermes and goat-shaped woodland spirit named Aegipan. Zeus then mounted a chariot drawn by winged horses. He pursued Typhoeus, flinging thunderbolts. He finally ran Typhoeus down and buried him beneath Mount Etna in eastern Sicily 9. Zeus’s Battle with the Giants a. In attempt to secure his reign, Zeus married Oceanid Metis, “cleverness” b. Uranus attempted to preserve his power by keeping his offspring down in the body of the mother; Cronus swallowed his children; Zeus, craftiest of all, swallowed the mother herself before the child was born and Metis, “cleverness” became part of his own being, inaccessible except through Zeus himself c. Athena was the child of Metis with another man, but Zeus swallowed Metis. Athena was his supporter and only child. The child who would have overthrown him was never born d. The Giants , conceived from the blood of Uranus’ genitals, attacked the Olympians in the Gigantomachy , “battle of the Giants,” hurling rocks and burning trees into the sky d.i. The Giants at last were overcome. Now the 3 male gods, Zeus, Hades, and Poseidon, divided the world among them. Zeus = heaven, Poseidon = the gray sea, and Hades = the underworld, but the earth and Olympus were common to all 10. Prominent Themes in the Greek Creation Story a. Divine Myth : the Greek story of creation of the world and of the gods as told by Hesiod and Apollodorus a.i. Patterns: Gods act a ogres and tricksters, goddesses behave as sexual
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