Hoped that democracy would prevent a plutocracy

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Hoped that democracy would prevent a plutocracy Senators were appointed by congress but the progressives bring the practice of direct election of senators Recall movements brought about by the progressives in order to recall politicians Cons of Progressivism o Racism: racism justified through “science” Eugenics: believed in breading more of a certain race and preventing the breading of an “inferior” one Forced sterilization laws for feeble minded (mentally handicapped or those felt to not meet the standards of society) IQ tests: created and used to show that whites are the smartest Expansion of Jim Crow laws and segregation Immigration restrictions Teddy Roosevelt o Current culture of breading fit and manly men o At 16 he was very sick so he began to practice boxing, calisthenics, o Roosevelt uses the word Manly as a high complement Worried that the country is becoming wimpy Believed that the frontier disappeared o He was a “Gentleman”; someone with a ton of money that doesn’t have to worry himself with a job Believes that gentleman have a duty to clean up the government o Elected to a state legislature in New York Straight out of Harvard o Cleans up New York as a legislature and police commissioner o Wife and mother dies on the same day Moves to the Dakota territory to become a rancher Comes to the realization that U.S. needs a trial by fire (war) Believed that if you do not believe Colonization you were soft and didn’t love their country Spanish-American war: Roosevelt starts the Rough Riders; believes that the death of his men was good and that they would become a mortar o Master manipulator of the media Lecture 13: Lecture 14: The Great War and Modern Memory Entry Point: o (Thought experiment) replacing 19 th -20 th century with 21 st century and considering the civil/political/social aspects of war and society. How does that change your opinion? o Mademoiselle from Armentieres (Edward Rowland, 1915) A song sung by soldiers in the trenches Tells of the poor/unfair conditions and dangers that soldiers were exposed to at war Soldiers used prostitution and other things to take their mind off the war Soldiers are angry that they do all the work while the generals and officers get all the credit WWI (Great War) o Industrialization and Technology
Increase in production possibilities and technological advancements cause WWI to be the bloodiest war ever End of the war there is over 7 million dead Introduction of the Machine Gun Renders cavalry charges obsolete, creates the tactic of trench warfare Tanks and submarines German U-boats fire warning shot and after the ship is evacuated, the U-boats would sink the ship British put machine guns on merchant ships for protection U-boats begin sinking ships without warning Planes and bombs Poison gas o Total War U.S. stayed neutral for a while during WWI taking an isolationist stance

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