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was working considerably well" (Leonhardt2008). Humans will require digital enhancement in order toachieve a full understanding of these increasingly complex issues and a full sense of the practical wisdom ofpursuing them. We currently do not have, in many areas, either the databases of past successes and failures,or the tools to analyze them, that are required to enhance our wisdom and collective memory—but we willgoing forward.Enhancing Our Insight into OthersOne of the greatest barriers to human understanding and communication is that we cannot see insideanother person's mind. This limitation gives rise to unintended misunderstandings and allows people toemploy all sorts of deceptive strategies, both consciously and unconsciously. Some of the ways digitaltechnology is helping us overcome this barrier include various means of truth (or lie) detection, multimodalcommunications, and digital readouts of our own and others' brain waves. Already, researchers atCarnegie-Mellon University (CMU), using digital computer analyses of brain patterns captured by functionalmagnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scans, are able to tell what a person is thinking about (Mitchell et al.2008). It is likely, according to these researchers, that our children will, in their lifetimes, be able to readpeople's thoughts and even have access to direct brain-to-brain communication. While these developmentswill clearly raise ethical issues and privacy questions that will have to be addressed, there can be little doubtthat as people gain access to and learn to take into account others' unspoken motives, thoughts, needs, andjudgments in their own thinking, their wisdom will increase.Enhancing our Access to Alternate PerspectivesThe world is full of things we cannot perceive with our unenhanced senses, things that are too small, toolarge, too fast, too abstract, too dangerous, or too far away. Exploring these things through digitalenhancements will certainly help expand both our understanding of these things and our knowledge of howthey can help or hurt us. It will also expand our ability to assume multiple perspectives—to see things frommore than one point of view—and, hence, our wisdom. The perception of things outside our normal sensoryrange can be enhanced digitally in numerous ways, from manipulable three-dimensional simulations todigitally monitored biofeedback controls that enhance mental and sensory states, which may also enhancememory and emotional control. Access to alternative perspectives can also be attained through increasinglysophisticated digital role playing, using simulations in which people can experience difficult and criticalsituations from various points of view.There are undoubtedly other ways in which digital technology will enhance our understanding and wisdom.

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