Play*- a story created for performance on stage by actors; contains dialogue and stage directions Playwright* - A person who writes plays. Pun*- Play on words; words put together in such a way as to be humorous. Quatrain- four-line stanza Rhyming Couplet*- Two successive rhyming lines that are written in the same meter. Rising Action*- The point in the play where the conflict becomes clear and action rises as obstacles are presented. Sarcasm- the use of praise to mock someone or something. Satire- a literary tone used to make fun of human vice and weakness, often with the intent of correcting or changing the subject of the attack. Scene*- Subdivision of an act of a play, where action takes place in one stage setting. Simile*- stated comparison between two unlike things using like or as. Soliloquy- a speech delivered by a character when he or she is alone on stage. It is as though the character is thinking out loud. Sonnet- a poem consisting of fourteen lines of iambic pentameter. Italian- has two parts: an octave (eight lines) and a sestet (six lines), usually rhyming abbaabba, cdecde. Often, a question is raised in the octave and answered in the sestet. Shakespearean- consists of three quatrains and a final rhyming couplet. The rhyme scheme is abab, cdcd, efef, gg. Usually, the question or theme is set forth in the quatrains while the answer or resolution appears in the final couplet. Stanza - a division of poetry named for the number of lines it contains. Symbol- a person, a place, a thing, or an event used to represent something else: the dove is a symbol of peace. Tragedy- a literary work in which the hero is destroyed by some character flaw or by forces beyond his or her control.
Tragic Flaw*- The error or flaw that causes the downfall of the protagonist. Tragic Hero- a character who experiences an inner struggle because of a character flaw. That struggle ends in the defeat of the hero. Verbal Irony- the writer says one thing and means another. Elements of Poetry Alliteration- the repetition of initial consonant sounds in words. “The f air b reeze b lew, the white f oam f lew, The f urrow f ollowed f ree; We were the f irst that ever b urst Into that s ilent s ea.” Allusion*- a passing reference to historical or fictional characters, places, events, or to their works that the writer assumes the reader will recognize. For example, Suppose a newspaper editorial says that a new law will open a Pandora’s box . If you know the story of Pandora from Greek mythology, you know that the editorial is saying that the new law will let loose many unforseen and unmanageable problems and difficulties. Ambiguity*- A statement with two or more meanings that may seem to exclude one another in the context. Anachronism*- The error of placing a person or thing in the wrong time period.
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