is accessible with acceptable and effective interventions, which offers comprehensive case management of uninfected and infected persons to prevent further infections and their many complications and long-term sequelae. Assessing and targeting the population, whose behaviors and vulnerabilities place them at high risk, will be necessary to prevent acquiring an STD, with abstinence being the key component of prevention. Accurate, explicit, and understandable information on safe sex will be an integral component of prevention efforts. By providing communication channels appropriate for the target population, knowledge will be increased; dialogue within the community will be stimulated; essential changes in attitudes will be promoted; stigmatization and discrimination will be reduced; the demand for information and health care services will be created; advocacy for appropriate policies and laws will be enhanced; and improved skills and self-esteem will be promoted (WHO, 2007). Increased screening is necessary to identify early recognition of STDs in order to provide early treatment and prevent further complications. Building partnerships to implement strategies for prevention and treatment of STDs will be essential. In order to accelerate accessibility of services to those most vulnerable to STDs, a collaborative implementation of activities by different health disciplines at various levels of the health system is necessary (WHO, 2007). 9
GLOBAL HEALTH ISSUES References Ahmed, K., Scholle, S., Baasiri, H., Hoover, K.W., Kent, C. K., Romaguera, R., & Tao, G. (2009). Chlamydia screening among sexually active young enrollees of health plans: United States, 2000-2007. Journal of the American Medical Association, 302 (6), 620-621. Allender, J. A., & Spradley, B. W. (2005). Community health nursing: Promoting and protecting the public’s health (6 th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott, Williams, & Wilkins. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2007a). Chlamydia-CDC fact sheet. Retrieved from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2007b). Sexually transmitted disease surveillance, 2006. Retrieved from - Chlamydia.htm Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2007c). Framework for understanding disparities. Retrieved from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2008). Chlamydia. Retrieved from Clemen-Stone, S., McGuire, S. L., & Eigsti, D. G. (2002). Comprehensive community health nursing: Family, aggregate, & community practice (6 th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby. Kankakee County Health Department. (2010). 2008 annual report . Retrieved from 10
GLOBAL HEALTH ISSUES World Health Organization. (2007). Global strategy for the prevention and control of sexually transmitted infections: 2006-2015 . Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization. 11
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