Kanter lists 7 symbols, including (1) the ability to intercede for someone, (2) ability to get placements for favored employees, (3) exceeding budget limitations, (4) procuring above-average raises for employees, (5) getting items on the agenda at meetings, (6 ) access to early information, (7) and having top managers seek out their opinion. You exhibit a lack of power if you are overly supervised, have inflexible adherence to rules, and your supervisor tends to do the job rather than training you to do it. It might be worth asking students which symbols of power will change significantly through em-powerment 17.What are some ways to empower people at work? Foster Open Communication Reward Self-Improvement Encourage Safe Failure Provide Plenty of Context Clearly Define Roles Support Their Independence Appreciate Their Efforts 18.How could employees become more empowered?
Demonstrate Your Trust. ... Communicate a Clear Vision. .. Don't Avoid Small Talk. ... Encourage Self-Improvement. ... Leave Your Office Door Open. ... Support Vacation Time. ... Delegate More Than Just Work. 19.Why is it hard to determine if power has been used ethically? Determining if power has been used in an ethical manner is complex. There are three factors that can show criteria for evaluating power related behavior. The ethical behavior should result in the greatest good for the greatest number of people. If it only shows self-interest and fails to help the organization reach its goals it is not considered ethical. The ethical behavior should respect the rights of all parties. If a person’s free speech, privacy and due process are violated this is not consider ethical behavior. Ethical power behavior should treat all parties equitably and fairly. Treating one part arbitrarily or an action that benefits one person at the expense of another is not considered ethical behavior CHAPTER 12 - LEADERSHIP AND FOLLOWERSHIP 1. Discuss transformational, charismatic, and authentic leadership. Would you expect these styles of leadership to exist in all cultures? Differ across cultures? Transformational leaders are those who inspire their followers to achieve exceptional performance, they motive people by creating an intellectual stimulus. On the other hand, charismatic leaders use their personal abilities to have effects on followers. Finally, authentic leaders operate high levels of moral integrity by emphasizing in collectivity. These styles of leadership are not expected to exist in all cultures, because the differences in the life styles of people, in the customs of every culture, in the necessities and wants of societies. Each type of these leadership styles vary across cultures depending on the government regime, the social and the demographic environment. Also it is im- portant to have in mind that in a culture there can be different types of leadership that represents certain segments of the population.
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- Decision Making, supervisor, Management and Organizational Behavior, Cesia Solis