Structure & Function of Language Notes

Anti category this is the book direct obj walter was

This preview shows page 5 - 7 out of 12 pages.

- anti-category  This is the book [direct obj?] Walter was reading to his friends and former  students on Friday  about . -must find way to place this transitive word syntactically/semantically within the  sentence; find location of constituent -effect may arise because something in structure comes first or it is more likely  assumed to be another option. Semantics= subfield of linguistics/psycholinguistic, very controversial The study of meaning Concepts/categories Distinction between linguistic meaning (denotation) and speaker meaning  (connotation) John believes the world is round John doubts the world is round These are exclusive; Both sentences cannot be thought of as true because they  nullify each other, we know this without have to know John.. ( ( About )   ( half )   ( full ) green one illustrate incontroversially correct- different
Image of page 5

Subscribe to view the full document.

( ( About )   ( half )   ( empty ) ) full/empty are diff values -does not describe same thing, but different meanings? Shouldn’t these two parts  be the meaning of the whole -if a word/phrase has a meaning it must have a denotation -if two words have the same denotation, they must have the same meaning unsatisfying, both can be disproven—Pegasus has meaning/not word neil Armstrong/the 1 st  man on the moon – same reference, don’t mean same  thing.. mantleist view- idea associated with in mind of the speaker, ideas  proved/evoked when come across word view meaning as a mental object – image? Category/concept? Feels too concrete, not abstract enough – dog, image that comes to mind has  specificity that cannot convey just dog in general; many details can vary in the  mental image of kick that do not contribute to the meaning of just kick;  capturing the meaning of abstract concepts, questions Compositionality—meaning of sentence, representation Sense theory of meaning Meaning has 2 parts: denotation/reference (extention- what word can apply  to, in all possible worlds) + sense (intention-abstract part, properties the  words have, set of conditions, defining properties, something must satisfy for  that something to include in the extension of that word; something a  community has come to accept intention (whale is a fish) doesn’t have to be  scientifically correct) o Man on moon/Armstrong,  o I, same sense different denotation depending on who says it Knowing the conditions makes the sentence true in all possible worlds,  irrelevant if it is actually true in the current state of world or not, can be  derived from imaginary world/past world Must understand: o
Image of page 6
Image of page 7
  • Spring '10
  • STAFF
  • Semantics, Noun phrase, students­ noun phrase, sentence= noun phrase

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Get FREE access by uploading your study materials

Upload your study materials now and get free access to over 25 million documents.

Upload now for FREE access Or pay now for instant access
Christopher Reinemann
"Before using Course Hero my grade was at 78%. By the end of the semester my grade was at 90%. I could not have done it without all the class material I found."
— Christopher R., University of Rhode Island '15, Course Hero Intern

Ask a question for free

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern