Balance control and order were also big values to the Framers This is achieved

Balance control and order were also big values to the

This preview shows page 21 - 28 out of 54 pages.

Balance, control, and order were also big values to the Framers. This is achieved by granting power, but also limiting each actor that is given power.
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Separation of Powers Ending with the people, the Constitution divides power horizontally and vertically. In the federal government, the power is divided in three branches. One is maker, another is executer, and the last interprets the laws.
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Separation of Powers To minimize the chance of power overreach, the system also includes checks and balances to make each branch accountable to the others. The vertical division is the federalist arrangement, creating a national but also state governments, which also allow for local governments to exist. As we see, the constitutional system creates gateways for access, but also gates that limit said access. The power govern themselves, but through this intricate system that diffuses power among many competing interests.
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American Political Culture After theorizing about a country, we still have to wait and see how it works in practice. Madison was right about factions. Soon enough, people divided according to their interests and formed political parties , groups organized to win elections. The process in which competing interests decide who gets what, when and how is called politics . Madison was also right about the sources of division, centered often on the unequal distribution of property, and how far should the government go to reduce inequality.
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American Political Culture Public opinion about these matters is put into a left-right scale, and when people place themselves consistently in a place, they have a political ideology . In turn, party identification is a psychological attachment to a political party. It is related to the former, but it is more personal than philosophical. A person’s ideology is a clue about their partisan preference. On the left of the ideological scale are liberals , and conservatives are on the right.
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Political Ideology Liberals strive for increasing equality and taxing the rich to implement social benefits. They support a large and active government. Conservatives seek economic freedom to advance policies that promote economic growth, which will benefit everyone in the long run.
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Social Issues The role of the government reverses here, as liberals favor less government and conservatives seek to uphold traditional moral values. These labels are practical, but do not tell the whole story. Why? The existence of economic and social scales generates many potential different positions where people can place themselves. Americans are also not consistent in their placement. claiming to be right on some issues and left on others.
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