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Korematsu v. United Statesupheld the actions of the government as a necessary precaution in a time of war.In 1974, in the case of Lau v. Nichols, Chinese American students in San Francisco sued the school district, claiming its failure to provide them with assistance in learning English denied them equal educational opportunities.The Mattachine Society, established in 1950, was one of the first groups to champion the rights of gay men. The Mattachine Society often worked with the Daughters of Bilitis, a lesbian rights organization.In June 1969, gay men, lesbians, and transgender people erupted in violence when New York City police attempted to arrest customers at a gay bar in Greenwich Village called the Stonewall Inn.In 1994, the U.S. military adopted the policy of “Don’t ask, don’t tell.”This act, Department of Defense Directive 1304.26, officially prohibited discrimination againstsuspected gays, lesbians, and bisexuals by the U.S. military.In 2006, in the case of Lawrence v. Texas, the Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional state laws that criminalized sexual intercourse between consenting adults of the same sex.In 2004, Massachusetts became the first state to grant legal status to same-sex marriage.in Obergefell v. Hodges, the Supreme Court overturned state bans and made same-sex marriage legal throughout the United States on June 26, 2015the Indiana legislature passed a Religious Freedom Restoration Act(RFRA) in 1993.However, the Supreme Court in City of Boerne v. Flores(1997) ruled that the 1993 law applied only to the federal government and not to state governments. The enactment of the Matthew Shepard and James Byrd Jr. Hate CrimesPrevention Act, also known as the Matthew Shepard Act, in 2009 made it a federal hate crime toattack someone based on his or her gender, gender identity, sexual orientation, or disability and made it easier for federal, state, and local authorities to investigate hate crimes.
42A eugenics movement in the United States in the late nineteenth and early to mid-twentieth centuries sought to encourage childbearing among physically and mentallyfit whites and discourage it among those with physical or mental disabilities.in the 1927 case of Buck v. Bell, upheld the right of state governments to sterilize those people believed likely to have children who would become dependent upon public welfare.Rehabilitation Actmade it illegal to discriminate against people with disabilities in federal employment or in programs run by federal agencies or receiving federal funding.This was followed by the Education for all Handicapped Children Act of 1975, which required public schools to educate children with disabilities.Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)greatly expanded opportunities and protections for people of all ages with disabilities.