100%(1)1 out of 1 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 2 - 4 out of 13 pages.
Harun, Moses/Musa, and Abraham at 7 gates and Sidrat-ul-Muntaga where Allah was; Allah told him to pray 50 times every day but Moses wanted a reduction and it became 5 (each worth 10)Zamzam– sacred spring at Mecca near Ka’bah opened by Gabriel for Hajira and Ismael when searching for water between two hillsMuslim– follower of IslamMuslim Brotherhood– transnational Sunni Islam organization based in Egypt and founded by Scholar/Teacher Hassan Al-Banna 1928 to revitalize Islam from within by focusing on returning to the Qur’an/Sunnah, opposing western valuesSayyid Qutb – influential member and outspoken critic of western influence aiming to revitalize Islam through Islam principles; executed 1966 by Egypt after accused of terrorism/plot to kill President Gamal Abdel NasserInfluenced by Osama Bin Laden and Al-Qaeda; many in brotherhood critical of his radical viewsBanned 1950s after members tried to kill Egypt’s president and tried to reconcile with President Hosni Mubarak deposed 2011; 2013 banned againNation of Islam– Black Political/Religious Movement founded in 1930s Detroit, Michigan by W.D. Fard; goals to improve spiritual/mental/social/economic condition of blacks (Quasi-Islamic)Says things like Allah is black, Farad is Allah incarnate, blacks must purge from white influence, and white were made by a rebelling black scientists; seen as black supremistsElijah Muhammad claimed to be Messenger of God/Madhi; later became American Muslim MissionQu’ran– means recitation and is called this because Muhammad got/taught it orally; consists of 114 chapters/surah arranged from longest to shortest not by topics, periods, or order of revelationCopies have stamp of approval by Hafidh (keeper of Qur’an) that knows it by heart; language in Classical Arabic and stylistically it resembles the beauty of Arabic poetry but doesn’t tell a storyThe longest surah is almost 300 verses and titles are based on distinctive elements of the surahsRamadan – 9thmonth of Islamic calendar when the Qur’an was revealed to Muhammad; fast from dawn to sundown but can eat and drink after dusk/before dawnDevelops sympathy for the poor, people give what they’d pay on food, controls desires, and shows willingness to sacrifice for sake of religion/dependence on God; people who miss it/exempt (ill, pregnant, pilgrims, elderly) make it up later
Muslims often break the fast with dates/tmar (a fruit) before doing evening prayer because it can be purifying and Muhammad broke his with dates; may spend evening reciting Qur’an and stay up late visiting friendsIn last few days, night of power occurs (Muhammad given Qur’an)l end with Id al-fitr/feast of fast-breaking“seal of the prophets”– title in the Qur’an for Muhammad meaning he was the last prophet sent by GodShahadah– Muslim profession of faith: there’s no God by Allah, and Muhammad is the messenger of AllahShari’ah– religious law forming part of Islamic tradition drawn from Qur’an that