Harun MosesMusa and Abraham at 7 gates and Sidrat ul Muntaga where Allah was

Harun mosesmusa and abraham at 7 gates and sidrat ul

  • Winthrop University
  • RELG 300
  • Test Prep
  • samuraifan
  • 13
  • 100% (1) 1 out of 1 people found this document helpful

This preview shows page 2 - 4 out of 13 pages.

Harun, Moses/Musa, and Abraham at 7 gates and Sidrat-ul-Muntaga where Allah was; Allah told him to pray 50 times every day but Moses wanted a reduction and it became 5 (each worth 10) Zamzam – sacred spring at Mecca near Ka’bah opened by Gabriel for Hajira and Ismael when searching for water between two hills Muslim – follower of Islam Muslim Brotherhood – transnational Sunni Islam organization based in Egypt and founded by Scholar/Teacher Hassan Al-Banna 1928 to revitalize Islam from within by focusing on returning to the Qur’an/Sunnah, opposing western values Sayyid Qutb – influential member and outspoken critic of western influence aiming to revitalize Islam through Islam principles; executed 1966 by Egypt after accused of terrorism/plot to kill President Gamal Abdel Nasser Influenced by Osama Bin Laden and Al-Qaeda; many in brotherhood critical of his radical views Banned 1950s after members tried to kill Egypt’s president and tried to reconcile with President Hosni Mubarak deposed 2011; 2013 banned again Nation of Islam – Black Political/Religious Movement founded in 1930s Detroit, Michigan by W.D. Fard; goals to improve spiritual/mental/social/economic condition of blacks (Quasi-Islamic) Says things like Allah is black, Farad is Allah incarnate, blacks must purge from white influence, and white were made by a rebelling black scientists; seen as black supremists Elijah Muhammad claimed to be Messenger of God/Madhi; later became American Muslim Mission Qu’ran – means recitation and is called this because Muhammad got/taught it orally; consists of 114 chapters/surah arranged from longest to shortest not by topics, periods, or order of revelation Copies have stamp of approval by Hafidh (keeper of Qur’an) that knows it by heart; language in Classical Arabic and stylistically it resembles the beauty of Arabic poetry but doesn’t tell a story The longest surah is almost 300 verses and titles are based on distinctive elements of the surahs Ramadan – 9 th month of Islamic calendar when the Qur’an was revealed to Muhammad; fast from dawn to sundown but can eat and drink after dusk/before dawn Develops sympathy for the poor, people give what they’d pay on food, controls desires, and shows willingness to sacrifice for sake of religion/dependence on God; people who miss it/exempt (ill, pregnant, pilgrims, elderly) make it up later
Muslims often break the fast with dates/tmar (a fruit) before doing evening prayer because it can be purifying and Muhammad broke his with dates; may spend evening reciting Qur’an and stay up late visiting friends In last few days, night of power occurs (Muhammad given Qur’an)l end with Id al-fitr/feast of fast-breaking “seal of the prophets” – title in the Qur’an for Muhammad meaning he was the last prophet sent by God Shahadah – Muslim profession of faith: there’s no God by Allah, and Muhammad is the messenger of Allah Shari’ah – religious law forming part of Islamic tradition drawn from Qur’an that

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture