Sociological Perspective Sociology Response that people have to their environment Intimate relationships, roles, current events, environment influence the individual Treatment goals helping people be more resilient, changing some of the conditions of the environment Groups of individuals not the individuals themselves Sociological Approach – social stress, structural strain, labelling History Looking at current situation, not the past Karl Marx o When one group causes pain to the other, it can certainly cause distress to the group Emile Durkheim o Why do people (society) commit suicide? o Social Integration – sense of belonging, one of the conditions that may prevent suicide Other conditions: Religious Married With children Employed Han Selye
o Physical stress on the body o Military combat change your mental well-being, shell shock, those who were in combat had more risk regarding mental well-being Engineer Model – wear and tear on the mind, humans have a breaking point We came up with scales in order to measure not in use anymore Different levels of distress because of different events that occur Sociological Approach Structural Strain o Robert Merton – what kind of things in society would be the greatest challenge for people to cope with? Economic structure – we have certain things we value (goals) and we have ways to get those goals But not everybody has the same opportunity Everyone has to adapt Conformist/Conformity Reformists – don’t want the system Innovators – take any means to get to the goals whether legal or illegal Retreatists – people do not adapt, mental illness, this is the category that we focus on Labelling Theory o Goffman – the way we treat people puts a high probability at the way they turn out
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- Spring '11
- Sociology, sociological approach, Sociology of Mental Illness, mental well-being, Structural strain