e The war which ended in 1713 with the Peace of Utrecht checked France finished

E the war which ended in 1713 with the peace of

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e. The war, which ended in 1713 with the Peace of Utrecht , checked France, finished Spain as a great power, and expanded England’s overseas empire. G. The Decline of Absolutist Spain in the Seventeenth Century 1.Spanish absolutism preceded that of the French. In the1500s the kingdom of Castiledeveloped the characteristics of an absolute monarchy. a.Gold and silver from the Americas were the basis for Spanish power.b.The lack of a middle class(due in part to the expulsion of Moors and Jews), agricultural crisis, population decline, and failure to invest in productive enterprises meant that by 1715 Spain was a second-rate power.c.Spain extended itself in wars it could not afford in the 1600s and the monarchy spent far more than itcould afford.d.Conflicts with the French cost Spain many colonial possessions and peace was finally reached with the Treaty of the Pyrenees in 1659 . 9 QUESTIONS: My response to the lesson question:
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AP EUROPEAN HISTORY McKay, et. al., A History of Western Society 11e Ch15: Absolutism and Constitutionalism (ca. 1589-1725) Section 3: Absolutism in Austria and Prussia Lesson question : What were the social conditions of Eastern Europe, and how did the rulers of Austria and Prussia transform their nations into powerful absolutist monarchies? NOTES: A. The 17 th century is a struggle between absolutism and constitutionalism – in Eastern Europe, absolutism wins the struggle. 1. Prussia, Russia, and Austria emerge as absolutist powers that remain powerful until 1918 (the end of WWI). a. They are created from the Ottoman Empire, Holy Roman Empire, and Poland. B. East versus West (ca.1650) East West - powerful nobility -limits on power of nobility - weak middle class -strong middle class -oppressed peasantry/serfs -peasants generally free 1. After the disasters of the 14 th century (plague, famines, decline in population), landlords in eastern Europe reestablish serfdom. a.Peasants bound to the land with harsh punishments for leaving ( hereditary subjection – bound to the lord). b. Lords take more of peasants’ land and require heavier labor obligations (robot). c.Lords are unrestricted in treatment of serfs. 2. Why do western and Eastern Europe take such different directions? a.Nobles and lords in the East are more powerful due to the many wars which resulted in weak kings who grant rights to nobles. b. Kings are also landlords who want their own agricultural interests protected. c.Towns in Eastern Europe do not get the same rights granted to them as in Western Europe. QUESTIONS: My response to the lesson question:
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AP EUROPEAN HISTORY McKay, et. al., A History of Western Society 11e Ch15: Absolutism and Constitutionalism (ca. 1589-1725) Section 3: Absolutism in Austria and Prussia Lesson question : What were the social conditions of Eastern Europe, and how did the rulers of Austria and Prussia transform their nations into powerful absolutist monarchies?
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  • Winter '16
  • Mrs. Kopper
  • Thirty Years' War, Absolute monarchy, Monarchy, Louis XIV of France

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