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e.The war, which ended in 1713with the Peace of Utrecht, checked France, finished Spain as a greatpower, and expanded England’s overseas empire.G.The Decline of Absolutist Spain in the Seventeenth Century1.Spanish absolutism preceded that of the French. In the1500s the kingdom of Castiledeveloped the characteristics of an absolute monarchy.a.Gold and silver from the Americas were the basis for Spanish power.b.The lack of a middle class(due in part to the expulsion of Moors and Jews), agricultural crisis, population decline, and failure to invest in productive enterprises meant that by 1715 Spain was a second-rate power.c.Spain extended itself in wars it could not afford in the 1600s and the monarchy spent far more than itcould afford.d.Conflicts with the French cost Spain many colonial possessions and peace was finally reached with the Treaty of the Pyrenees in 1659.9QUESTIONS:My response to the lesson question:
AP EUROPEAN HISTORYMcKay, et. al., A History of Western Society 11eCh15: Absolutism and Constitutionalism (ca. 1589-1725)Section 3: Absolutism in Austria and PrussiaLesson question: What were the social conditions of Eastern Europe, and how did the rulers of Austria andPrussia transform their nations into powerful absolutist monarchies?NOTES:A.The 17thcentury is a struggle between absolutism and constitutionalism – in Eastern Europe, absolutism wins the struggle.1.Prussia, Russia, and Austria emergeas absolutist powers that remain powerful until 1918 (the end of WWI).a.They are created from the Ottoman Empire, Holy Roman Empire, and Poland.B.East versus West (ca.1650)EastWest- powerful nobility-limits on power of nobility- weak middle class-strong middle class-oppressed peasantry/serfs-peasants generally free1.After the disasters of the 14thcentury(plague, famines, decline in population), landlords in eastern Europe reestablish serfdom.a.Peasants bound to the land with harsh punishments for leaving (hereditary subjection– bound to thelord).b.Lords take more of peasants’land and require heavierlabor obligations (robot).c.Lords are unrestricted intreatment of serfs.2.Why do western and EasternEurope take such differentdirections?a.Nobles and lords in the East are more powerful due to the many wars which resulted in weak kings who grant rights to nobles.b.Kings are also landlords who want their own agricultural interests protected.c.Towns in Eastern Europe do not get the same rights granted to them as in Western Europe.QUESTIONS:My response to the lesson question:
AP EUROPEAN HISTORYMcKay, et. al., A History of Western Society 11eCh15: Absolutism and Constitutionalism (ca. 1589-1725)Section 3: Absolutism in Austria and PrussiaLesson question: What were the social conditions of Eastern Europe, and how did the rulers of Austria andPrussia transform their nations into powerful absolutist monarchies?
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Thirty Years' War, Absolute monarchy, Monarchy, Louis XIV of France