Economy with its farms and cottage industries gave

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economy, with its farms and cottage industries, gave way to an economy based on large-scale  production. The rapid growth of urban populations produced a multitude of social problems. In  addition, many people found it difficult to adapt to the impersonal nature of urban life. Over time, it became more difficult to ignore the effect of society on the individual. 3a. The three main theoretical perspectives on sociology are: functionalist, conflict, and interac- tionist. The functionalist perspective is broadly based on the ideas of Comte, Spencer, and  Durkheim. The conflict perspective follows the tradition of Karl Max. Interactionist theorists are  indebted to the work of Max Weber. 3b. Theories provide guidance for sociologists in their work and help them to interpret their find- ings. Sociologists not only develop theories to explain specific phenomena, they also adopt  broad theoretical perspectives to provide a foundation for their inquiries. 3c. I think the functionalist perspective provides the fullest explanation of human behavior. I  think this because this perspective views society as a set on interrelated parts that work to- gether to produce a stable social system. I believe that we as a society are all just trying to keep a system that's equal and fair for all. We all just want stability and security and know that our na-
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