29 iv note if w in above case had denied the lie

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iv. NOTE:  If W in above case had denied the lie, could not  use extrinsic evidence  to prove that W lied.  Have to accept answer given on cross-x and move on.   Don't want mini-trials on minor points of case.   v. For example - P - Jones testifies D - Direct: A says Jones is a liar       Cross-x: give specific examples of J being truthful- R.608(b) P - Green testifies that Jones is truthful-R.608(a) b. Cross-x on  CONVICTIONS  (p.601) - Rule 609 i. (a)(1) For W other than accused - admissible, subj to R.403, to attack credibility  if crime punishable by death or imprisonment in excess of one year.  Look to  Rule 403 for admissibility.   ii. (a)(1) For accused if ct determines probative value outweighs prejudice.  (Gov't  has burden to prove this.)  Ct can look to (p. 614): 1) nature of conviction 2) recentness or remoteness 3) whether crime is similar to charged offense 4) whether D's record is otherwise clean 5) importance of credibility issues 6) importance of getting D's testimony iii. (a)(2) For any W if W was convicted of crime involving dishonesty or false  statement, regardless of punishment.  These types of crimes include (p.617): 1) forgery 2) fraud 3) perjury 4) bribery 5) filing false police report 6) other crime if underlying facts included dishonesty or false statement iv. (b) Time limit - Evidence not admissible if more than ten years have passed since the date of conviction or release of W from prison, whichever is later, unless ct  decides that probative value, supported by specific facts and circumstances,  substantially outweighs prejudice.   v. Problem  - this rule dissuades many Ds from taking stand. But D has control of  whether or not to open door to this kind of attack.   vi. District Ct can inquire into the background facts and circumstances of the prior  conviction, but need not do so.  U.S. v. Lipscomb  (p.607). 30
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vii. D must testify in order to preserve objection under this rule that D was  prejudiced.  Luce v. U.S.  (p.621)  D appealed b/c found guilty but did not take  stand.  D argues that lower ct abused discretion by denying motion in limine.   SCt said will not review lower ct decision if D does not testify.  No facts with  which to judge and no way to know if gov't would have even sought to impeach  with prior conviction.  Also might have been harmless error. viii. If D denies being convicted of crime, prosecutor can use extrinsic evidence to  impeach.  Allowed b/c easy to prove by state.  Also have hearsay exception  under R.803(22).   ix. Prior convictions not allowed under this test may be allowed under Rule 404(b).   c. CHARACTER WITNESSES
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