Chapter 24 Assessing Musculoskeletal System Page 528 Question 18 see full

Chapter 24 assessing musculoskeletal system page 528

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Chapter 24: Assessing Musculoskeletal System - Page 528 Question 18: (see full question) An older adult client visits the clinic and tells the nurse that she has had shooting pain in both of her legs. The nurse should assess the client for signs and symptoms of You selected: herniated intervertebral disc. Correct Explanation: Thirty-three bones: 7 concave-shaped cervical (C); 12 convexshaped thoracic (T); 5 concave-shaped lumbar (L); 5 sacral (S); and 3–4 coccygeal, connected in a vertical column. Bones are cushioned by elastic fibrocartilaginous plates (intervertebral discs) that provide flexibility and posture to the spine. Paravertebral muscles are positioned on both sides of vertebrae. ( less )
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Reference: Weber, J. R., & Kelley, J. H. (2014). Health Assessment in Nursing , 5th ed. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Chapter 24: Assessing Musculoskeletal System, p. 512. Chapter 24: Assessing Musculoskeletal System - Page 512 Question 19: (see full question) A college age athlete presents to the clinic with pain in the tibiotalar joint. It is a hinge joint limited to flexion and extension. The terms used to describe these movements are what? You selected: Dorsiflexion and plantar flexion Correct Explanation: The terms used to describe the movements of the tibiotalar joint are dorsiflexion and plantar flexion. Adducting means to move a part of the body toward the midline. Abducting is moving a part of the body away from the midline. Supination is a motion where the foot or palm of the hand is moved to a surface up position. Pronation is a motion where the foot or palm of the hand is moved to a surface down position. Rotation is simply the movement of the joint. Rotation could be either internal or external in nature. ( less ) Reference: Weber, J., & Kelley, J. H. (2014). Health Assessment in Nursing , 5th ed. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Chapter 24: Assessing Musculoskeletal System, p. 513. Chapter 24: Assessing Musculoskeletal System - Page 513 Question 20: (see full question) When assessing muscle tone and strength, the nurse would document expected findings as You selected: “upper and lower extremity muscle strength is 5/5 bilaterally” Correct Explanation: 5/5 (100%) normal muscle strength with complete ROM against gravity and full resistance. Reference: Weber, J. R., & Kelley, J. H. (2014). Health Assessment in Nursing , 5th ed. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Chapter 24: Assessing Musculoskeletal System, p. 518.
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Chapter 24: Assessing Musculoskeletal System - Page 518 Question 1: (see full question) A client presents to the health care clinic with reports of onset of neck pain 3 days ago. The nurse recognizes that the most common cause of neck pain is what condition? You selected: Cervical strain Correct Explanation: The most common cause of neck pain is cervical strain. This can occur from sleeping in the wrong position, carrying a heavy load, or being in an automobile accident. Cervical disc degenerative disease is associated with impaired range of motion and pain that radiates to the back, shoulders, or arms. Cervical spinal cord compression causes neck pain with loss of sensation in the legs.
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