Movement led by Martin 26 years old from Atlanta Minister At first didnt want

Movement led by martin 26 years old from atlanta

This preview shows page 45 - 47 out of 52 pages.

Movement led by Martin, 26 years old from Atlanta Minister At first didn’t want involvement, but he did Some whites responded to boycott with violence, homes bombed In December 1956, MLK, JR and other blacks got on bus and proudly sat up front in “white section” Showed on TV Led to other bus boycotts all over US Jim Crow Laws still existed in South in 1950s Central High School 1957 Governor of Arkansas, Orval Faubus, refused to integrate school September 1957, called in Arkansas National Guard to prevent 9 black students attending Central High, an all white High School Ike forced to take action Sent in Federal paratroopers to help 9 black students Mobs formed and tried to prevent the black students from attending Central High Paratroopers patrolled CH the rest of the year assigned to specific students Little Rock shut down all public high schools in 1958 rather than to desegregate them Southern Christian Leadership Conference SCLC created 1957 By MLK Jr and other ministers King 1 st President of SCLC Aim was to mobilize vast power of black churches on behalf of Civil Rights Coordinate local black protest movements that emerged to challenge racial bias in South Non-Violence Civil Rights Act, 1957 1 st Civil Rights Act passed since Reconstruction set-up permanent Civil Rights Committee to investigate violations of Civil Rights authorized Federal injunctions to protect voting rights still long way to go for African-Americans, especially in the South, to receive Civil Rights FDR and the New Deal April 3, 2006 PWA Public Works Administration Set up for industrial recovery & unemployment relief o 2 of the 3 R’s PWA created projects on Federal buildings, highways, dams, bridges, and schools Basically gave people jobs and thus money to spend PWA responsible for building the Golden Gate Bridge and the 100 mile roadway linking Florida to Key West PWA’s goal? o Long term recovery NRA National Recovery Administration 2 nd part of NIRA Combined immediate relief, with long term range recovery and reform Designed to assist industry, labor and unemployed Wanted to stabilize businesses with codes of fair competitive practices to generate more purchasing power by providing jobs and defining labor standards and raising wages Committee of management, labor and government officials drew up fair practice codes for each industry NRA created 40 hr work week A minimum weekly wage of $13 in North and $12 in the South
Image of page 45
This doubled some people’s wages Child labor (under 16) also banned Supreme court struck it down in 1935 But it did set up working conditions we have today Glass Steagall Banking Reform Act June 16, 1933 Established the FDIC or Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation FDIC guaranteed all bank deposits up to $5,000.00 If bank should fail, small depositors could recover $ from Congress Restored people’s faith in banks and government
Image of page 46
Image of page 47

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 52 pages?

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture