A if blood types did not match clumping of cells

This preview shows page 20 - 22 out of 22 pages.

a. If blood types did not match - clumping of cells would occur causing blockages throughout the body 83. What is an agglutinin? What is an agglutinogen? a. agglutinogen - antigen on surface of RBC b. agglutinin - antibody found in plasma i. interact to agglutinate 84. What are ABO Blood types? How do antigens relate to these blood types? How would agglutinogens react with agglutinins that don’t match (agglutination)? a. Determined by the presence or absence of antigens A and B on RBC’s 85. Know what types of blood can match up with other types of blood for transfusions. a. Type A: receives O,A b. Type B: receives O, B
Image of page 20

Subscribe to view the full document.

THIS STUDY GUIDE CONTAINS MUCH OF THE INFORMATION YOU WILL NEED TO KNOW TO BE SUCCESSFUL ON THE EXAM. IT IS NOT A COMPREHENSIVE LIST AND QUESTIONS PERTAINING TO ITEMS NOT ON THE STUDY GUIDE MAY BE ON THE EXAM. IN ADDITION TO THE STUDY GUIDE YOU SHOULD BE SURE TO REVIEW THE COURSE OBJECTIVES. c. Type AB: receives O, A, B, AB d. Type O: receives O 86. What kind of blood is a universal donor? Why? a. O is universal donor because it can donate to any blood type i. no alpha or beta agglutinins 87. What kind of blood is a universal recipient? Why? a. AB is universal recipient because it can receive any blood because it lacks both Anti A and Anti B meaning it will not agglutinate donor RBCs of any ABO type. i. only if RH matches 88. What are Rh antigens? a. Positive or negative blood groups ; D antigens i. protein 89. Can negative Rh blood types receive blood from positive Rh blood types? Why or why not? a. Negative blood types must receive negative blood 90. Can positive Rh blood types receive blood from negative Rh blood types? Why or why not? a. Yes, positive RH may receive from negative and positive 91. What are some common causes of anemia? a. Pregnancy, menstrual cycle b. shortage of the element iron in your body i. bone marrow needs iron to make hemoglobin 92. Know and be able to identify the 5 types of leukocytes, their normal abundance in your body, and their functions.
Image of page 21
THIS STUDY GUIDE CONTAINS MUCH OF THE INFORMATION YOU WILL NEED TO KNOW TO BE SUCCESSFUL ON THE EXAM. IT IS NOT A COMPREHENSIVE LIST AND QUESTIONS PERTAINING TO ITEMS NOT ON THE STUDY GUIDE MAY BE ON THE EXAM. IN ADDITION TO THE STUDY GUIDE YOU SHOULD BE SURE TO REVIEW THE COURSE OBJECTIVES. 93. Explain leukopoiesis (figure 18.18). a. form of hematopoiesis in which white blood cells are formed in bone marrow 94. What is leukopenia? What is leukocytosis? What are some causes of each? a. Leukopenia - low leukocyte count i. poisoning, radiation, some infectious disease b. Leukocytosis - high leukocyte count i. infection allergy disease 95. What is hemostasis? Explain the 3 mechanisms of stopping blood loss (vascular spasm, platelet plug formation, blood clotting.
Image of page 22

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern