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oThis is an example of Karenin experiencing Christian love (how does Karenin’s Christian love develop? How does society perceive him? – brutal force is not a big part of this.) oDeal with the gold in sand theme: key moments are in the background. Examples: Dolly is the hero of the novel (her story is background whereas Anna’s story is foreground). oChekhovian idea that all you could hear was cutlery on the table but lives were being smashed; subtle, little signals.Aside:
Brutal force (sum total of all your personal habits). Elemental force = difficult for you to break your habits (ie. chewing your fingernails) because it is something you don’t particularly pay attention to it. Levin’s workers don’t pay attention 100% of the time when they Elemental force: bailiff says that nothing bad is happening, things just aren’t necessarily working but there is no negativity stemming from this; it is simply ineffective. Agricultural reforms are not working because they’re going against the practices and habits of people on the farm. Levin is working against the elemental force (how things usually work) but he’s not experiencing a negative reaction from the elemental force.Brutal force: negative reaction from society, works against the elemental force, society is laughing at him. Karenin is experiencing a negative reaction. Brutal force is when the result is acting negatively against the change. Theory vs. practice: worrying about ideas and abstractions as opposed to doing what needs to be done incontestably. Practice and doing things vs. just thinking about it. Actionis what gives life meaning. Kitty serves as Levin’s spiritual guide (Nikolai dying) – Kitty is aware of what the dying man needs, she is putting the pillow under his head, yet Levin is totally obsessed with his abstract ideas of life and death versus actually acting to serve a purpose and do what needs to be done. Sergei has a semi-romantic worldview (his proposal to Varenka didn’t work out so ‘it wasn’t meant to be); exchanging intellectually articulate language for the purpose of doing so as opposed to actually learning and understanding.Anna has been spiritually corrupted at this point; all she has is her beauty at this point (when Levin sees her and is enchanted by her). She purposely attracts Levin who is married to Kitty – spiritual corruption.5.Narrator speaks Anna’s thoughts as she thinks of Karenin during the horse races. She is in the seats and Karenin arrives and he is making his way through the seats. Free indirect discourse: the point of view we are getting is Anna’s, even though the narrator is speaking. oNarrator is giving us a character’s point of view. oSelf-deception: she insists that he is an unfeeling machine to the point that her entire field of view shifts to his flaws as opposed to viewing him objectively. She creates her own reality, manipulates her perspective on reality, self-deception, looking as an action, she looks at him uncharitably. She does this in steps. She focuses on his ears,