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V s bldg 1 cut cut 1 tarlac city s school year 2020

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V & SBLDG 1. CUT-CUT 1, TARLAC CITYSSCHOOL YEAR 2020-2021Ms. Ellen Mae A. RamosPage 16deserted him. In the end, Siddhartha advocated the avoidance of two extremes, namely, self-indulgence and self-denial, and taught the way toward the “Middle Path” that was a life ofself-discipline and introspection but not self-flagellation (Losch 2001).Seated beneath a pipal tree, now known as the bo or bodhi tree, near the Indian village ofBodh Gaya in Bihar, Siddhartha finally obtained his enlightenment after years of searching as hepassed the four stages of meditative trance or dhyana/jhana. Buddhist legend recounts his triumphover the devil Mara who personified evil forces that torment the minds of humankind, includinggreed, hatred, ignorance, jealousy, and doubt. Despite the many attempts of Mara to disturbSiddhartha’s firm meditation, appearing as storms and rains, the devil was vanquished and faded likea bad dream. Mara failed to tempt Siddhartha with wealth and flesh; he could not break the calmdetermination of the seeker of the truth. After 49 days of meditation, Siddhartha emerged victoriousand attained the state of absolute awakening. He became a “Buddha” or the “awakened one” whoseevery action from thereon would be motivated only by generosity, compassion, and wisdom (Toula-Breysse 2001). He had visions of the endless cycle of birth and death that was the fate of humankind(Hopfe 1983). Siddhartha was 35 years old when he attained enlightenment.Walking more than a hundred miles to Sarnath near the ancient city of Varanasi, he met hisformer disciples whom he was able to convince about the truth of his teachings. A new spiritualcommunity or sangha sprang forth and soon there were sixty enlightened beings in the world(Kulananda 2001). Siddhartha preached throughout the regions of India, such as Magadha andKosala. For 45 years, he travelled northern India to the cities and towns of the central Ganges basin,and preached a message of hope and happiness while winning many new converts to his fold (Brown1975; Skilton 1994).Siddhartha lived and preached during the reign of Bimbisara, the ruler of the Magadha Empirefrom 542 B.C.E. to 492 B.C.E. The king, a great friend and protector of Siddhartha, established thecity of Rajgir that became wellknown because of Buddhist writings. With only about two hours ofsleep at night, he scarcely had any rest in his mission to propagate his teachings to the people.At age 80 and on a full moon, Siddhartha died in Kushinagar between 483 B.C.E. to 400B.C.E. during the early years of Ajasatru (Bimbisara’s successor) who ruled around 492 B.C.E. to460 B.C.E. Tradition has it that his final words were, “Subject to decay are all component things.Strive earnestly to work out your own salvation (Hopfe 1983).” The cause of death was amealreceived from a metalworker that led to dysentery. His remains were cremated seven days after andthe ashes were divided among eight clangroups as they built a sacred cairn over their portion of the

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Term
Spring
Professor
CarissaWyant
Tags
Hinduism, PAUL COLLEGE OF TARLAC

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