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525–520 BCE-‘black-figure’ and ‘red-figure’ styles (‘bilingual’)-depict narratives we can understand-EUPHRONIOS, Herakles wrestlingAntaios, from Cerveteri, Italy, ca. 510 BCE -Foreshortening: making objects appear in distance; perspective, depth - Greek letters
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-EUTHYMIDES, Three revelers(Attic red-figure amphora), from Vulci, Italy, ca. 510 BCE-Potters had competitions btwn each other, foreshortening-ONESIMOS, Girl preparingto bathe(interior of an Attic red-figure kylix), from Chiusi,Italy, ca. 490 BCE-One of early repr of nude women; nudity in women assoc w/ slavery and lower class; erotica, on inside of bowl-Achilles Painter, Warrior taking leave of his wife (Athenian white-ground lekythos), from Eretria, Greece, ca. 440 BCE-White-ground painters applied the colors after firing because most colored glazes could not withstand the kiln’s heat-The Achilles Painter here displayed his mastery at drawing an eye in profile-Niobid Painter, Artemis and Apollo slaying the children of Niobe(Athenian red-figure calyx krater), from Orvieto, Italy, ca. 450 BCE-The placement of figures on different levels in a landscape on this red-figure krater depicting the massacre of Niobe’s children reflects the compositions of thelost panel paintings of Polygnotos of ThasosARCHITECTURE-Temple of Hera I(“Basilica”), Paestum, Italy, ca. 550 BCE-Peristyle, Doric temple-heavy, closely spaced, cigar-shaped columns with bulky, pancake-like capitals-Reconstruction drawing of the Siphnian Treasury, Delphi, Greece, ca. 530 BCE (John Burge)-Treasuries were storehouses in sanctuaries for a city’s votive offerings-The Ionic treasury the Siphnians erected at Delphi featured caryatids in the porch, and sculptures in the pediment and frieze-Gigantomachy,detail of the north frieze of the Siphnian Treasury, Delphi, Greece, ca. 530 BCE-painted labels identifying the various gods and giants-Some of the figures held metal weapons-Temple of Aphaia,Aegina, Greece, ca. 500–490 BCE-Doric -columns are more slender and widely spaced, and there are only 6 columns on the facade and 12 on the flanks-Temple of Hera II, Paestum, Italy, ca. 460 BCE-second Hera temple at Paestum modeled on Libon’s Temple of Zeus at Olympia.-reflects the Olympia design, but the later building lacks the pedimental sculpture of its model.-Acropolis
-Symp repr of mnt Olympus -Construction (Pericles), city states, Persian’s and others begin to threaten Greece, Acropolis gets sacked, Pericles embezzles lots of money to build it, angers ppl-Gallery wings, no surviving works of Grk painting-Doric Order: (all 3 archt models still used today) oldest, masculine, flat capitals, triglyphs-Ionic Order: scrolls on capitals, more fem, frieze-Corinthian Order: scrolls with leaves, decorative, interior of temples-Parthenon-Doric, rounded so looks straighter (prevents distortion of our perspectives, makes it look perfectly level, plainly aesthetics)-Columns wider at bottom, golden ratio/scale (math, science of recreation) (w/ this, if for ex found corner of temple, can recreate rest of temple)-
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