525520 bce black figure and red figure styles

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525–520 BCE - ‘black-figure’ and ‘red-figure’ styles (‘bilingual’) - depict narratives we can understand - EUPHRONIOS, Herakles wrestlingAntaios , from Cerveteri, Italy, ca. 510 BCE - Foreshortening: making objects appear in distance; perspective, depth - Greek letters
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- EUTHYMIDES, Three revelers (Attic red-figure amphora), from Vulci, Italy, ca. 510 BCE - Potters had competitions btwn each other, foreshortening - ONESIMOS, Girl preparingto bathe (interior of an Attic red-figure kylix), from Chiusi,Italy, ca. 490 BCE - One of early repr of nude women; nudity in women assoc w/ slavery and lower class; erotica, on inside of bowl - Achilles Painter, Warrior taking leave of his wife (Athenian white-ground lekythos), from Eretria, Greece, ca. 440 BCE - White-ground painters applied the colors after firing because most colored glazes could not withstand the kiln’s heat - The Achilles Painter here displayed his mastery at drawing an eye in profile - Niobid Painter, Artemis and Apollo slaying the children of Niobe (Athenian red-figure calyx krater), from Orvieto, Italy, ca. 450 BCE - The placement of figures on different levels in a landscape on this red-figure krater depicting the massacre of Niobe’s children reflects the compositions of the lost panel paintings of Polygnotos of Thasos ARCHITECTURE - Temple of Hera I (“Basilica”), Paestum, Italy, ca. 550 BCE - Peristyle, Doric temple - heavy, closely spaced, cigar-shaped columns with bulky, pancake-like capitals - Reconstruction drawing of the Siphnian Treasury , Delphi, Greece, ca. 530 BCE (John Burge) - Treasuries were storehouses in sanctuaries for a city’s votive offerings - The Ionic treasury the Siphnians erected at Delphi featured caryatids in the porch, and sculptures in the pediment and frieze - Gigantomachy, detail of the north frieze of the Siphnian Treasury, Delphi, Greece, ca. 530 BCE - painted labels identifying the various gods and giants - Some of the figures held metal weapons - Temple of Aphaia, Aegina, Greece, ca. 500–490 BCE - Doric - columns are more slender and widely spaced, and there are only 6 columns on the facade and 12 on the flanks - Temple of Hera II , Paestum, Italy, ca. 460 BCE - second Hera temple at Paestum modeled on Libon’s Temple of Zeus at Olympia. - reflects the Olympia design, but the later building lacks the pedimental sculpture of its model. - Acropolis
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- Symp repr of mnt Olympus - Construction (Pericles), city states, Persian’s and others begin to threaten Greece, Acropolis gets sacked, Pericles embezzles lots of money to build it, angers ppl - Gallery wings, no surviving works of Grk painting - Doric Order: (all 3 archt models still used today) oldest, masculine, flat capitals, triglyphs - Ionic Order: scrolls on capitals, more fem, frieze - Corinthian Order: scrolls with leaves, decorative, interior of temples - Parthenon - Doric, rounded so looks straighter (prevents distortion of our perspectives, makes it look perfectly level, plainly aesthetics) - Columns wider at bottom, golden ratio/scale (math, science of recreation) (w/ this, if for ex found corner of temple, can recreate rest of temple) -
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