Respiratory alkalosis, or hypocapnia, results from the patient’s respiratory rate being elevated for a prolonged period due to
the persistent fever. The patient blows off too much CO2 as a result. Hypercarbia and respiratory acidosis are the same and
result from disorders that cause hypoventilation. Kussmaul’s respirations are an abnormal breathing pattern.
DIF: Cognitive Level: Application REF: 273 OBJ: 2 (theory)
TOP: Hypocapnia KEY: Nursing Process Step: Planning
MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity: Physiological Adaptation
17. The nurse is caring for a patient with COPD who has been in the hospital for several days. The patient complains of
shortness of breath and asks the nurse to turn up his oxygen to compensate for his labored breathing. What is the best nursing