B constantly contested negotiated and changing c

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static in that it remains identical, consistent, and uncontested over time. b. constantly contested, negotiated, and changing. c. genetically inherited. d. unique to humans. 21. When studying abroad, Shelby talks about the racial categories in the United States. Her new friends from Japan, Brazil, and Turkey all say her categories are incorrect. Each person has their own way of categorizing people by race. Shelby remembers from her anthropology class that racial categories are determined by: a. biological differences between groups c. cultural symbols b. genetic variations between groups d. mental maps of reality = 22. Franz Boas (1858–1942) rejected unilineal cultural evolution (the notion that different cultures represent stages of development), instead suggesting that different cultures arise as the result of very different causes, and will vary widely. What do we call his approach?
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ANTH 103 ONLINE FALL 2017 – FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE a. structural functionalism c. historical particularism b. cultural interpretivism d. unilineal cultural evolution 23. Norms are best described as: a. Values held only by older members of a society. c. Symbolic meanings about values and beliefs. d. Behaviors present in large hierarchical societies but absent in small egalitarian societies. e. Ideas people in a society share about the way things ought to be done. 24. Margaret Mead’s (1901–1979) fieldwork in Samoa was controversial in part because she examined sexual freedom, and considered sex to be a matter of ________. a. Biology c. Race b. Enculturation d. Structural functionalism 25. Clifford Geertz argued that every cultural action is more than the action itself. It is also a symbol of deeper meaning, subject to interpretation. What key idea in anthropology did this important theoretical idea help promote? a. Facial expression is a key aspect of understanding other cultures. b. Symbols are a crucial means of understanding other cultures. c. Balinese culture holds the key to how we might understand other cultures. d. Carefully coding field notes is the most effective way to understand other cultures. 26. In his research conducted in the Trobriand Islands, Bronislaw Malinowski (1884–1942) employed an early form of what type of anthropological theory? a. structural functionalism c. interpretivism b. unilineal evolutionism d. historical particularism 27. What do anthropologists call the uneven distribution of resources and privileges, often along lines of gender, racial or ethnic group, class, age, family, religion, sexuality, or legal status? a. Racism c. coercion b. Stratification d. hegemony 28. Which of the following is defined as the ability to create consent and agreement within a population, sometimes unconsciously, by shaping what people think is normal, natural, and possible? a. Consumerism c. Materialism b. Coercion d. Hegemony 29. Which of the following industries attempts to create a desire for goods and services?
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