Consequences arent just cognitive development but

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Consequences aren’t just cognitive development but also emotional development – violent, depressed, aggressive Debunk’d Myth – Humans cease to grow new neurons once they reach adulthood o Many books incorrectly state that people are born w/ all the neurons they will ever have o Neurons may be reconfigured in response to new situations as people learn Reality – Brain is capable of growing new neurons in adulthood o Brain can make changes in structure of neurons beyond your first years of development Studies have shows that adult brain can produce new neurons through neurogenesis o Hippocampus continues to generate new neurons into adulthood through life Critical for coding and retrieval of newly formed memories o Neurogenesis plays important role in maintain people’s ability to learn throughout life Studies show that factors such as new experience & physical exercise can increase number of new neurons Who’s in the Expert’s Chair – Dr. Jacqueline Woolley Children are bombarded w/ all kinds of information that weaves together the real and the fantastical o Ex – fictional Elmo teaches you science, children go to mall w/ parents and see Santa Claus Distinction between reality & fantasy starts to appear around age of 3 o Children are good at understanding there’s a distinction between real and pretend objects o Children start using cues in environment as evidence and figure things out in context around age of 3-8 o First real clue that something is pretend is realization that there’s real and something else Parents deceive children about Santa Claus while teaching them about the real world for many reasons o (1) It is fun – teaching kids about Santa Claus makes Christmas for fun o (2) Parents see childhood as time of magic and mystery – they try to prolong this time period for their kids Some parents do it because of tradition – their parents taught them about Santa o (3) Social control – teaching kids that they will get gifts if they are good Process of finding out Santa isn’t real is retracted slowly o Most children find out that Santa isn’t real by figuring it out themselves around age of 7-8 o Kids will start to have doubts that get stronger & do experiment to confirm their doubts There are differences w/ fantasy orientation – we do not know how it affects belief in false beings like Santa
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o Child who plays a lot may be more likely to believe in false beings since they live in fantasy world o Child w/ high fantasy orientation may be expert in fantasy and becomes less likely to believe in false beings o About 1/4 to 1/3 of students will say that they have had an imaginary friend People used to think kids w/ imaginary friends were socially isolated and lonely w/o ability to make real friends o Now we know having imaginary friends actually correlates w/ high social skills & slight benefits in creativity Baby Demonstration Attachment phenomena
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