The above confusion over roles presents real

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The above confusion over roles presents real challenge for advocacy undertaken by other stakeholders such as NGOs. The Ministry of Labour effectively not being in the driver’s seat made it difficult to push issues regarding child labour by other stakeholders, such as ANPPCAN. For example, efforts to change policies using advocacy were gravely hindered by inaction on the part of the Ministry of Labour. Despite the fact that efforts to formulate the policy on child labour started in 1996, to date the policy remains a mere draft yet to be adopted. Recent efforts to revive the policy were actually recommending the creation of other systems at district and community level, labelling them “friends of child labour committees,” once more creating non-formal structures and causing confusion. The revision of the draft child labour policy seems to have been done without consulting the rich information available on reviews and evaluations of child labour activities from 1992 to 2010. Once more, it confirms the lack of information sharing and the side lane nature of most of our institutions. And it seriously hinders advocacy efforts. 20 ILO (2013). Integrated Area-Based Approach: A Case of Busia, Kilifi and Kitui, pp. 13–14.
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CMI REPORT THE ROLE OF ADVOCACY AGAINST CHILD LABOUR 2015: 2 24 7 The Situation of Child Labour after the Intervention and Identification of Good Practices To further look at advocacy and its effectiveness in different situations, the researchers decided to look at the current situation of child labour after the intervention and the identification of the many good practices. Thus, has there been significant change? The results are as discouraging as they were in 2012 when the attempts of looking at advocacy was initiated. In Kenya, for example, the ILO/IPEC was still busy identifying good practices, according to a report, i.e. on emerging good practices in laying foundations for child labour free zones in Kenya. This is a case study of three districts in Kenya – Busia, Kilifi and Kitui – where eleven good practices have been identified. 21 In the conclusion of this report the beneficiaries of the good practices are stated clearly but the report fails to indicate how the useful good practices will be disseminated to the ILO partners and others. Information emanating from reports produced by the ILO, UNICEF, the World Bank, UNESCO, among others, suggest that the factors that lead children into child labour continue to persist in sub- Saharan Africa. Consequently, despite the many efforts spearheaded by the ILO, information indicates that child labour, especially its worst forms, is on the increase in sub-Saharan Africa. According to reports, one in five children is still working in sub-Saharan Africa. 22 Thus, sub-Saharan Africa is reported to have witnessed the largest increase in child labour. The obvious conclusion is that the many good practices that have been identified through the ILO programmes and projects, including massive global advocacy, has not yielded much in sub-Saharan Africa. This should be a source of concern for everyone, including governments in this region.
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  • Spring '17
  • Districts of Kenya, Nairobi, Child labour, Ministry of Labour

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