Durkheim social support emotional security intimacy good for mental health

Durkheim social support emotional security intimacy

This preview shows page 53 - 56 out of 61 pages.

Durkheim: social support, emotional security, intimacy = good for mental health, social  integration – ties to community  Crisis Model : separation/divorce Selection Model : which came first? People with poor mental health are less likely to sustain/enter marriages or does the marriage come first?
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***EXAM 3 20:50 laws and policies effect the values ex: equality and marriage values have changed about policies that effect the mentally ill  first area of social policies that were developed = specialized treatment facilities  separating criminals from mentally ill, notion about mental illness was that these are  people who with the right kind of moral caretaking would be cured  moral treatment =first philosophy for treatment – mental institutions  goal was to remove people from stressful environments, put them in country setting,  provide calm treatment, restful environment and that would help them  People who went to these facilities = middle class and above Around this time we had a tremendous growth in the population, increase of jobs  through industrialization, people became less tolerant of deviant behavior (mental illness  was seen as a deviant behavior) More regiment and more control  Economy = the larger they got, the more costly they were, much more costly to care for  people with mental illness  Professionalism = the professions who were caring, have to promote themselves and  that they are valuable In these hospitals, the people who were running them were psychiatrists (medical field)  to draw more attention “protect their turf” they were saying people need more services,  more $$$$ etc. Therefore these facilities kept growing and growing – extremely large and buearacratic  1830 – less then 100,000 inpatient to 1955 – 500,000 institutions   lower socio-economic status, immigrants, elderly there for long stays, high  death rates, were serving people with chronic conditions (schizophrenia, alcoholism)  developed a personality characteristic of “institutionalized” ***** p. 408********* regulated and ordered by a disciplinary system …. – 409
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***EXAM 3 20:50 institutionalized personality – adapting to the environment – personality “helpless” Institutional to deinstitutionalization  What changed? In big warehouses – more control then treatment  Civil rights movement had to do with it  Normalization principle – people have the right to be treated as normal as possible as  much as possible, that should be our goal  People have the right to be treated in the least restrictive environment  States were running out of $$$, couldn’t keep putting their resources into these  warehouses for the mentally ill  Federal government then gave money to provide mental health services for people in  the community  Going to be set up as catchman areas, area that covered so many counties
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