Tourism is one of the largest industries in the world and continues to grow strongly. It has in fact been growing at the fastest rate in the Asia- Pacific region (Tisdell, 1994). Nature tourism, also known as ecotourism, is an expanding segment of the tourism market. Lindberg (1991) estimated that developing countries earned US$12 billion from nature tourism in 1988. McNeely et al. (1992, p. 6) point out that 'Tourism to natural areas is economically important in many developing countries. In virtually all tropical areas, the attractions of nature are used in tourism promotion irrespective of whether national parks are appropriately developed for tourism. In the countries with particularly outstanding natural attractions, tourism is often used as the primary justification for the creation of national parks'.
2 One of the problems in determining the economic value of ecotourism is to know exactly what is meant by the term. As Valentine (1992) points out, many writers have used the term in different ways. McNeely et al. (1992) use the terms 'nature-tourism' and 'ecotourism' interchangeably and say that 'it is defined as tourism that involves travelling to relatively undisturbed natural areas with the specific object of studying, admiring and enjoying the scenery and its wild plants and animals as well as any existing cultural aspects (both of the past and present) found in those areas' (p. 2). Given this definition, many parts of Yunnan, especially Xishuangbanna Nature Reserve, have considerable potential for development for ecotourism purposes, both because of the extent of biodiversity present and because of varied cultural aspects. However, some definitions of ecotourism limit it to tourism based primarily on living natural things. A third definition is based upon the view that any type of tourism that is careful of its impact on the natural environment is ecotourism. This is, in effect, what one may
- Summer '20
- Dr joseph
- Natural environment