Kin relations three main kinds of relations nuclear

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Kin Relations Three main kinds of relations - Nuclear families - (foragers and industrial societies) - Extended families - (examples: Nayars and Zadrugas) - Descent groups - (common in food-producing, i.e. horticultural, pastoral, agricultural societies) Descent Groups - Members believe they share, and descend from, common ancestors - Endure even though its membership changes - Membership is determined at birth and lifelong - Descent system common to horticulture, pastoralism, and agriculture - share and manage common estate (land) - Need at least some members to stay on ancestral estate - so they have post- marital residence rules - They are usually ... exogamus -- marrying outside the group - Organized according to lineages or clans - LINEAGE: DEMONSTRATED DESCENT -- RECITING FORBEARERS (knowing ancestry)
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- CLANS: SAY THEY DESCEND FROM A COMMON ANCESTOR BUT don’t trace links-- - Sometimes the apical ancestor is not human - an animal or plant - symbolizing identity and community April 26, 2011 1) Globalization A) World becoing interconnected B) Technology, customs (cultural traits) 1) globalization of culture - Indigenization - Adapting a foreign possibly, forcibly imposed? cultural trait -> to local culture 1) Cultural Imperialism 2) Global systems of images - Inferior? Political systems Kottak - LIfe without chiefs - The case of the Gypsy offender - Road to Refugee resettlement KEY CONCEPTS States - Law Enforcement - Border control Bands, Tribes, Chiefdoms - Differences between states - U.S (industrialized state) Band- Foraging society Tribes - Horticultural pastoral Questions of leadership - Village head - Big Man - Chief Gender and Sexuality
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Sex differences vs Gender Gender roles Gender stereo types Gender stratification Egg & Sperm Symbolizing roles: behind the veil !Nai Afgan star Family, Kinship Descent Nuclear and extended familes - Decent systems -- Tribes
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