DRAFT Toolkit on Child Rights in Humanitarian Crises and Post Crisis Transition

Draft toolkit on child rights in humanitarian crises

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DRAFT – Toolkit on Child Rights in Humanitarian Crises and Post-Crisis Transition, July 2012 urgency and pressure to respond; the structure of the humanitarian (i.e. Clusters coordination) or transition architecture; the capacity of actors and the availability of resources to carry out response) The key stakeholders which can influence the impact of the crisis on children’s rights in the humanitarian and transition response (i.e. government, non-state armed actors, donors, peace-keeping forces, civilian capacity, regional bodies, civil society organizations, international financial institutions, crisis affected populations, host populations, UN humanitarian actors and mechanisms, including the humanitarian Clusters, etc.) The capacities needed to effectively respond to the crisis, including among affected children and their families, as well as among those who have a duty to protect and respond to crisis, including government, neighbouring countries, international organizations, NGOs, and the private sector, among others. a. Rights-based Assessments All assessments, whether conducted through joint inter-agency mechanisms or independently, are the first critical entry point for defining a child rights-based humanitarian and/or transition response (this includes Initial Assessments; Multi cluster Initial Rapid Assessments; Inter-cluster and single- cluster harmonized in depth assessments, and; Post-Conflict and Post-Disaster Needs Assessments). Rights-based assessments help provide humanitarian and transition actors with an understanding of the impact of the crisis on affected populations, and serve as a baseline against which to plan the nature and scope of response. Failure to consult directly with affected population groups risks generating incomplete and inaccurate information about the impact of the crises on girls, boys, women and men. An example of child-rights considerations in post-conflict needs assessments is presented below. The same child rights considerations can be adapted to different assessment tools. b. Causal Analysis In humanitarian crises, population needs are identified through rapid assessments, situation analyses and regular monitoring and evaluation. Once these needs (and corresponding rights) are identified, a causal analysis can be used to identify underlying and root causes of the selected child rights challenges and the capacities of local, national and international duty-bearers to address them. The greater quality, depth and specificity of analyzing cause and effect, the more accurately the causal analysis can inform humanitarian and transition response plans. Ideally, such an analysis should involve the participation of relevant duty bearers and rights holders. Below is one of many examples of tools that can be used to conduct a causality analysis – the problem tree. c. Stakeholder Mapping and Analysis A range of tools exist for conducting a stakeholder mapping and analysis in relation to child rights in humanitarian and transition contexts. Ideally these tools should help map out who the key
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  • Summer '16
  • Ramon Wawire
  • Child Rights

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