Know the laws of the land Know the ins and outs of state law that might apply

Know the laws of the land know the ins and outs of

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Know the laws of the land. Know the ins and outs of state law that might apply to your research. For instance, it is not allowed to ask children about religion, sex or family life without parental permission. Take practical security measures. Be sure confidential records are stored in a secure area with limited access, and consider stripping them of identifying information, if feasible. Also, be aware of situations where confidentiality could inadvertently be breached, such as having confidential conversations in a room that's not soundproof or putting participants' names on bills paid by accounting departments. Think about data sharing before research begins. If researchers plan to share their data with others, they should note that in the consent process, specifying how they will be shared and whether data will be anonymous. Understand the limits of the Internet. Since Web technology is constantly evolving, researchers need to be technologically savvy to conduct research online and cautious when exchanging confidential information electronically. If you're not an Internet whiz, get the help of someone who is. Otherwise, it may be possible for others to tap into data that you thought was properly protected. [All these are not your own ideas, please cite/acknowledge some of the sources you had these points] Individuals who participate in a study have certain rights. Before participating in research, individuals need to know the purpose and aims of the study, how the results will be used, and the likely social consequences the study will have on their lives. They also have the right to refuse to participate in a study and to withdraw at any time. When they participate and provide information, their anonymity is protected and guaranteed by the researcher. Individuals are not to be offered excessive financial inducements to participate in a project. Participants also have the right to gain something from a study. Researchers need to actively look for ways to ‘give back’ (or reciprocate) to participants in a study because the participants have freely provided their time. For example, in one study involving individuals with
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36 UEW/IEDE RESEARCH METHODS Unit 1, section 4: Some ethical considerations in research HIV, the author shared book royalties with the participants in the study. In another study, a researcher volunteered to help supervise lunchroom activities in exchange for information from students in the school. References Laine, M. de. (2000). Fieldwork, participation and practice: ethics and dilemmas in qualitative research . London: Sage. Oliver, P. (2003). The S tudent’s guide to research ethics . Maidenhead: Open University Press.
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