Nó s ẽ ng ă n cách v ớ i hành ñộ ng chính

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Nó s ng ă n cách v i hành ñộ ng chính b ng m t d u ph y. He fired two shots , killling a robber and wounding the other. o Hành ñộ ng th 2 không c n chung ch ng v i hành ñộ ng th nh t mà ch c n là k ế t qu c a hành ñộ ng th nh t c ũ ng có th d ng V-ing. The plane crashed , its bombs exploding when it hit the ground. 28. Cách s d ng m t s c u trúc P 2 Whould (should) like + to have + P2 : Di n ñạ t m t ướ c mu n không thành. He would like to have seen the photos = He would have liked to see the photos (But he couldn't). Dùng v i m t s ñộ ng t : to appear, to seem, to happen, to pretend Nên nh r ng hành ñộ ng c a nguyên m u hoàn thành x y ra tr ướ c hành ñộ ng c a m nh ñề chính. He seems to have passed the exam = It seems that he has passed the exam. She pretended to have read the material = She pretended that she had read the material.
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S ư u t m và thi ế t k ế b i Ph m Vi t V ũ - 93 – Tr ườ ng ðạ i H c Kinh T ế ð à N ng Dùng v i sorry, to be sorry + to have + P2 : Hành ñộ ng c a nguyên m u hoàn thành x y ra tr ướ c tr ng thái sorry . The girls were sorry to have missed the Rock Concert (The girls were sorry that they had missed the Rock Concert.) Dùng v i m t s các ñộ ng t sau ñ ây th b ñộ ng: to ackowledge. believe, consider, find, know, report, say, suppose, think, understand . Hành ñộ ng c a nguyên m u hoàn thành x y ra tr ướ c hành ñộ ng c a m nh ñề chính. He was believed to have gone out of the country. (It was believed that he had gone out of the country.) Dùng v i m t s các ñộ ng t khác nh ư to claim, expect, hope, promise . ðặ c bi t l ư u ý r ng hành ñộ ng c a nguyên m u hoàn thành s future perfect so v i th i c a ñộ ng t m nh ñề chính. He expects to have graduated by June. (He expects that he will have graduated by June.) He promised to have told me the secret by the end of this week. (He promised that he would have told me the secret by the end of this week.) 29. Nh ng cách s d ng khác c a that Ngoài vi c s d ng trong m nh ñề quan h , that còn ñượ c dùng trong m t s tr ườ ng h p khác nh ư dùng làm liên t , dùng trong m nh ñề that . 29.1 That dùng v i t ư cách là m t liên t (r ng) 29.1.1 Tr ườ ng h p không b t bu c ph i có that ðằ ng sau 4 ñộ ng t say, tell, think, believe thì that có th b ñ i ñượ c.
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