Study Guide Exam II

Examine prospects for world development look at

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Examine prospects for world development Look at scenarios globally minded Deep Ecology (Naess) Arne Naess Deep experience, deep questioning and deep commitment Aldo Leopold was sent to find a way to eradicate wolves from USA but had a moment while watching an old wolf die and realized that the earth needed the wolves as the “green fire died in her eyes” Bioregionalism (Sale) Define: identity by community of origin, society divides into communities and territories where love of a place is inevitable Eco-centric Government, lifestyle is aligned to ecology **No car town in Germany
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Greensburg Kansas—Tornado flattened town so they rebuilt it sustainably Similar to deep ecology—but place based rather than experience based Arne Naess Deep Ecology (Harding) explained many of his theories 8 principles Lois Gibbs (Love Canal) Lived in town built over toxic waste site, many kids were effected by cancer Did research and tests Radical changes within bioregionalism Chipko (India) Bioregionalism Ecofeminism—Social Women chained themselves to trees to stop deforestation Chico Mendes (Amazon) Organized rubber toppers to save rainforest People could have sustainable livelyhoods in rainforest without cutting it down Bioregionalism Greenburg, KS Bioregionalism Tornado flattened town so they rebuilt it sustainably E-Waste Ladou MD, Lovegrove article Ghana is not apart of OECD o Loophole for US to dump our second hand E-Waste there Less then 10% of E-Waste is recycled EPR—Extended producer responsibility—polluter pays Basel Convention Global treaty on waste management Environmental economics Integrated Product Policy Carrying Capacity Closed loop system—economy/ ecosphere Earth island—Easter island Natural Limits Neo-Malthusian views Wackernagel Kirkpatrick Sale (bioregionalism) No Place like Home reading Ray Anderson Service Business Model Selling the service of installing carpets for a life time that he recycles when they get old and uses recycled material to make new carpets Doesn’t throwaway old carpets Business not centered around profit
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Sustainable business Natural Capitalism (Lovins and Hawken) Ecological Economics Closed Loop Manufacturing o Moving to solution based business model The Hypercar Service Business Model o Selling someone a service rather than a product o Ray Anderson carpets Niger Delta Black gold Foreign oil companies taking advantage of local government and lack of regulation No EPA till take 1980s but the oil companies had already been there for 50 years Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (Srinivasan) “ecological debts” (Srinivasan) Debt of Nations Externalities 6 major classes of ecology damage: climate change; o-zone depletion; Agriculture intensification and expansion; deforestation; overfishing and mangrove loss Ultimate norms
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