DSST Fundamentals of counseling study sheet

It is possible to identify a fit or match between

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It is possible to identify a fit or match between individual traits and job factors using a straight forward problem-solving/decision making process. The closer the match between personal traits and job factors the greater the likelihood for successful job performance and satisfaction.
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Origins of Deinstitutionalization By the beginning of the 20th century, ever-increasing admissions had resulted in serious overcrowding. Funding was often cut, especially during periods of economic decline, and during wartime in particular many patients starved to death. Asylums became notorious for poor living conditions, lack of hygiene, overcrowding, and ill-treatment and abuse of patients. The first community-based alternatives were suggested and tentatively implemented in the 1920s and 1930s, although asylum numbers continued to increase up to the 1950s. The movement for deinstitutionalization came to the fore in various countries in the 1950s and 1960s. Erikson’s Stages of Psychosocial Development Stage Basic Conflict Infancy (birth to 18 months) Trust vs. Mistrust Early Childhood (2 to 3 years) Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt Preschool (3 to 5 years) Initiative vs. Guilt School Age (6 to 11 years) Industry vs. Inferiority Adolescence (12 to 18 years) Identity vs. Role Confusion Young Adulthood (19 to 40 years) Intimacy vs. Isolation Middle Adulthood (40 to 65 years) Generatively vs. Stagnation Maturity(65 to death) Ego Integrity vs. Despair The DSM-IV organizes each psychiatric diagnosis into five levels (axes) relating to different aspects of disorder or disability: Axis I : Clinical disorders, including major mental disorders, and learning disorders Axis II : Personality disorders and mental retardation (although developmental disorders, such as Autism, were coded on Axis II in the previous edition, these disorders are now included on Axis I) Axis III : Acute medical conditions and physical disorders Axis IV : Psychosocial and environmental factors contributing to the disorder Axis V : Global Assessment of Functioning or Children's Global Assessment Scale for children and teens under the age of 18 Multicultural Counseling This section’s pretty weak. Only three cultures. Sorry, I had a hard time finding stuff. Asian Family as focus, social-self Interdependence Hierachical relationship Extended family External frame of reference o -harmony with nature: nature not to be conquered o -individuals assumed to be integrated with nature o -fatalism o -"situation" centered: individuals conform to code of behavior according to roles o -obedience to family, elders o -personal needs are secondary to family needs Obtain social control thru duty and obligation Formal interpersonal relationships American Emphasis on self, autonomous-self apart from others and world Equality Nuclear family Internal frame of reference o separate from and superior to nature
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o the individual as a master or controller of nature o one is responsible for one's own destiny o
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