58 trained in the formal setting of a college in

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58 trained in the formal setting of a college. In almost all cases, prospective lawyers served as secretaries or clerks for practicing lawyers. They would then study legal texts on their own time and eventual start practicing on their own. The career-of-choice for this group was political, although after 1888 (Justice Lamar), political experience was less prevalent and judicial experience took its place. All of the justices except one 33 nominated prior to 1888 (Wilson through Lamar) had some political experience. As mentioned above, several participated in ratification, many were senators or congressmen for either their home state or the United States. Surprisingly, only three justices worked as Attorneys General prior to the Court. Justice Taney served as both the Attorney General of Maryland and Attorney General of the United States. William Moody was also a state Attorney General, then U.S. Attorney General. Similarly, James C. McReynolds served as Assistant United States Attorney General prior to taking his seat on the Court. This group of justices contain four Chief Justices John Marshall, Roger Brooke Taney, Salmon Portland Chase, and Charles Evan Hughes. Twelve articles were found for Taney, fourteen for Marshall, and seventeen for Hughes. Only one associate justice had more than seventeen articles. Chase, on the other hand, had only one article. Only one justice had fewer (zero) articles. President Abraham Lincoln nominated Chase in 1864, following the death of Taney. The lack of newspaper articles found about Chase is not surprising, considering that the country was still actively engaged in the Civil War, at the time. Just a few years prior to Chase‘s nomination, Taney had successfully destroyed 33 Thomas Todd had judicial experience more characteristic of later (post-1930) justices. See his data in Appendix A for more information.
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59 public trust and respect in the Court, so public demand for news about the Court was most likely low, 34 and therefore, the lack of ar ticles about Chase‘s nomination is not unpredicted. Justices Field and Brandeis had the least and most articles, respectively. Field‘s lack of articles, discussed above, was probably due to limited access to newspapers from his home state, as well as the timing of his nomination in the middle of the Civil War. Brandeis, on the other hand, had the most articles of any justice in this group. His nomination was also the most controversial of this group. President Woodrow Wilson nominated Brandeis in 1916. The New York Times published stories about his nomination for a period lasting just under six months (from the end of January 1916 through the beginning of June 1916). At the time of his nomination, Brandeis was definitely well known. According to his biography, he began the practice of pro-bono 35 representation, even though his fellow lawyers thought he was eccentric. Prior to his nomination, Brandeis was also one of the highest paid lawyers in the country, making considerably more each year than the average lawyer.
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