2. Enhancing coping skills: Several developmental tasks and associated coping mechanisms unique to the various stages of development. Coping skills are necessary to proceed through the life span. For example, intimacy and commitment are developmental tasks of young adulthood. Coping behaviors necessary to meet these developmental tasks include appropriate sexual behaviour, risk-taking behavior, and value-consistent behavior such as giving and helping. Clients may have problems dealing with stress, anxiety, or a dysfunctional lifestyle. In these situations, clients may benefit from a stress management program that includes relaxation, meditation and exercise. 3. Promoting decision-making: Some clients have difficulty making decisions. They may feel that no matter what they decide, it will be wrong. They may even think that they are going crazy. Difficulty making decisions is often a normal reaction to stressful life situations. In these situations, the counselor may want to reassure clients that they are not going crazy, helping clients feel normal can encourage them and alleviate unnecessary worry. 4. Improving relationships: A person who did not have a close relationship with anyone was at risk for mental problems. Counselors can use a variety of counseling strategies to help clients improve their interpersonal relations. These strategies include social-skill training programs; group counseling that focuses on interpersonal relations; couple therapy; and marital therapy. 5.
Facilitating the client's potential: Goals in this category are more abstract and relate to the concepts of self- realization and self-actualization. Self-realization implies helping clients become all they can be as they maximize their creative potential. There can be roadblocks to self- realization that require the counselor's attention. In these instances, the counselor can help clients gain a more realistic understanding of what is required to be successful. Self-actualization is related to the need to fulfill one's potential. He believed that as people's basic| needs were met, they would move toward selfactualization. Stage Four: Intervention and Problem Solving The counsellor and client may choose strategies to implement from a variety of interventions, including individual, group, couples, and family counselling. It may be best to begin with individual counselling for clients with problems of an intrapersonal nature. Couples or family counselling may be more appropriate for clients with difficulties of an interpersonal nature, as in a marital or parent-child conflict. Involving clients in the process of selecting intervention strategies has some advantages. This would help the client and the counsellor together can select a strategy that seems realistic in terms of its strengths and weaknesses, instead of working out with the strategies without apparent success. The counselor should provide an overview of the different treatment approaches available; describe the role of the counselor
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- Spring '17
- Jane Smith