2.Compare the skeleton of Proconsulon the handout to the articulated skeletons of a chimpanzee and a macaque. In the table below, name one similarity and one difference between each taxon and Proconsul.
3.Using what you’ve learned about relative limb proportions and primate locomotion, what kindof locomotion does the macaque have vs. the chimpanzee in the trees? Do the limb proportions of Proconsulmore closely resemble the macaque or the chimpanzee? MacaqueChimpanzeeProconsulLimb proportions (longer forelimbs vs. longer hindlimbs vs. about equal)Arboreal LocomotorStyleIs this what you would expect in a hominoid ancestor based on the style of arboreal locomotion in modern hominoids? Why?Station 5: The Miocene through Pleistocene – Fossil Apes in Asia (1 pt.)During the Miocene, a dispersal of larger-bodied, thick-enameled apes from Africa into Eurasia formed the basis of a radiation thought to produce both the ancestor to modern orangutans and the largest primate to ever live: Gigantopithecus. Use the fossil material and handouts at this station to answer the following questions about members of this radiation.1.Sivapithecus(15-9 mya) is an ape fossil found in Pakistan and northwestern India that is thought to be an early relative of orangutans. Describe two characteristicsshared betweenSivapithecusand the orangutan, to the exclusionof the chimpanzeeChimpanzee: 7