o Make eye contact and be enthusiastic , sharing why this subject interests you. End your lecture clearly . Summarize and highlight the main points. Conclude with the key ideas and how they relate to the future. What should students do with the information from today? Then invite questions and ask questions of students. Graphic Organizers A flow chart, a time line, a family tree – these are all graphic organizers, which combine words and phrases with symbols to visually represent connections between various pieces of information or ideas, thereby helping students to process information. These tools can come in handy during the Introduction of New Material, when you can refer to a completed graphic organizer to help students visualize the connections among the concepts they are learning. During Guided or Independent Practice, students can complete or create their own graphic organizers to apply the Graphic organizers are so effective in my classroom. Not only do they keep my students organized, but they also keep my lessons organized and well-paced. They teach discipline in note-taking and keep students on task during a lesson. I use graphic organizers for taking notes in my English class – it’s wonderful because it keeps my students’ attention and they produce something they can refer to later. Abigail Rossetti, Las Vegas ‘04 Senior Managing Director - Chicago Institute Teach For America
111 information they have learned. Graphic organizers are also an excellent way to reflect on and organize learning at the end of a lesson or unit; they are among the most versatile learning devices because they can be used in whole group, small group and individual configurations. These tools can be especially helpful as a way for students to learn how to take notes, a skill you cannot assume students possess at the beginning of your year. You may have to show students how to separate main ideas from details, or how to abbreviate effectively. Lay out exactly how you expect students to take notes (even modeling the process with a clip of the evening news, for example), provide tips on outlining, and have students practice. Doing so will lead to more retention of the information you relay in lecture. Below is an example of a Venn diagram , a commonly used graphic organizer. This particular tool allows students to compare and contrast two objects or ideas. A filled-in version of this diagram could be given to students at the beginning of a lesson, students could fill it in as the lesson progresses, or students could fill it in as a form of student practice. Asking students to identify similarities and differences between concepts is the instructional strategy with the high probability of improving student achievement, according to a recent analysis by the McREL educational laboratory.
- Winter '16
- instructional methods