Study Guide for Final Exam Spring 2017 SOCY 3042 – 003.docx

Nde ex person needs to be resuscitated out of body

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- NDE = ex. person needs to be resuscitated, out of body experience, a light, tunnel, meeting other spirits, intense feelings of joy and peacefulness, life review - "close-call" = no need for medical attention, ex. your friend pulls you out of the way from stepping in front of a moving car What does Zaleski mean by the “wave phenomenon” of near-death experiences?
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By examining historical records of near-death experience reports, Zaleski found that the frequency of near-death experience reports does not remain constant over time; rather, it comes in waves--sometimes there are many reports, and sometimes there are few. Zaleski theorized that the variance in reporting frequency had to do with the dynamics of anomie. During times of low anomie (things are going smoothly, social roles are well- defined, etc.), people feel compelled to conform. This conformity reduces the frequency with which people will report near-death experiences (for fear of being labeled as an outsider). During times of high anomie (turbulent times), on the other hand, social roles and norms are blurrier, so people feel less restricted in their expression. They feel less fearful of stepping outside of an ill-defined norm to share an NDE, and others are more likely to listen during these times. Rinpoche Compare and contrast the Buddhist notion of bardo with near-death experience. Bardo is an "intermediate" state while a near death experience is an experience reported by someone who has been clinically dead. Rinpoche writes that there are many similarities between the two. Both have teachings for the individual. Both experiences are out of body, both include relatives, perfect form, mobility, and clairvoyance as well as meeting others. There are also different realms in both. A difference is that the bardo teachings "describe what happens to a person who actually dies Betty How does Betty distinguish between death-bed visions and near-death experiences? - death-bed vision = scenes or a glimpse of the place where they will go after death, visions of spirits, people who are slowly dying as communicating with the dead, as if they have one foot in this world and one in the next - NDE = out of body experience where the person sees their own death occurring, a physiological or psychological hallucination, seeing a bright light or tunnel, experience extreme sense of joy, occurs when someone is on the brink of death, like in need of resuscitation How does Betty distinguish between death-bed visions and hallucinations? Hallucinations: o “How logical are hallucinations?” Hallucinations are made up of memory fragments and those fragments no more orderly as they come and go in the theatre of the mind than the stuff in our daydreams. o The typical elements of NDE, including meetings with deceased relatives, are not hallucinations.
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  • Fall '08
  • Robert D. Orr

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