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Independent variable is the presumed cause of or influence on the dependent variable. Corresponds to the I and the C components in the PICO scheme.1.The dependent variable(s) in the research question, "Is the job performance of health caregivers affected by salary or self-scheduling?" is (are): a)Job performance * b)Salary and self-schedulingc)Salaryd)Self-scheduling 2.The independent variable in the hypothesis, "Baccalaureate prepared nurses will be more aware of health promotion than will non-baccalaureate prepared nurses" is: a)Baccalaureate prepared nursesb)Non-baccalaureate prepared nursesc)Type of educational preparation*d)Health promotion 3.The overall plan proposed by an investigator for collecting and analyzing research data is called: a)The research design*b)The hypothesisc)The physiological measuresd)The operational definitions 4.The following are all examples of sources of data except: a)Observationsb)Interviewsc)Literature reviews*d)Self-reports 5.At what point in the research process does the researcher often make decisions about data collection and the research sample? a)After completing an extensive literature reviewb)While the study is in progress*8
c)During the pilot studyd)Before the study begins 6.Quantitative research usually involves a linear progression of research tasks. a)True*b)False 7.Which of the following is datum from a qualitative study on the experiences of parents caring for terminally ill children at home? a)Average length of survival from diagnosisb)Number of siblingsc)"It was the hardest and the most important work of my life."*d)1 hour interviews in the location of the participants choice�8.The purpose of an operational definition in a quantitative study is to: a)Ensure the numeric values assigned to variables are correctb)Specify how a variable will be defined and measured*c)Define the most probable relationship between the variablesd)Outline clearly the plan for data collection 9.The people who provide the data during the research are called the: a)Research assistantsb)The populationc)The sample*d)The aggregate 10.The population is the group of people to which a quantitative researcher may generalize findings. a)True *b)False Unit 3: Chapter 5- Ethics in research9
Because research has not always been conducted ethically and because of genuine ethicaldilemmas that researchers face in designing studies that are both ethical and rigourous, codes of ethics have been developed to guide researchers.Three major ethical principles from the Belmont Report are incorporated into many guidelines: beneficence, respect for human dignity, and justice.Beneficence involves the performance of some good and the protection of participants from physical and psychological harm and exploitationRespect for human dignity involves the participants right to self-determination, which includes participants right to participate in a study voluntarilyFull disclosure means that researchers have fully described to prospective participants their rights and the costs and benefits of the study. When full disclosure poses the risk of